Tableau File Types With Their Extensions
In this Tableau tutorial, we will learn about the Tableau file types. We will study the types of files in the tableau and also get to know where each file type is used, so let us start with our tutorial on tableau file types.
So, this was all about Tableau File Types.
2. What are Tableau File Types?
The consequence of information investigation in Tableau can be spare in different configurations, to be spare and dispersed. The different configurations allude as various document writes and they are distinguished by various expansions. Their configurations rely on how they are created and for what purposes they are utilized. They have altogether put away as XML records, which can be open and altered.
Tableau provides flexible options for the sharing of data and design metadata. Before we proceeding, let’s see Tableau Design Flow
This is accomplished through a variety of tableau file types:
- .twb – Tableau Workbook
- .twbx – Tableau Packaged Workbook
- .tds – Tableau Data Source
- .tbm- Tableau Bookmark
- .tde – Tableau Data Extract
- .tdsx – Tableau Packaged Data source
- .tps – Tableau Preferences
You should see many of these files in your My Tableau repository folder which is normally located in My Documents. Data extract (.tde) files were cover in the previous section.
3. Different Types of Tableau File Types
These are the tableau file types:
a. Tableau Workbook (.twb)
Tableau Workbook are the main Tableau file type, save an entire workbook. These are normally small files because the only data they contain is the metadata related to your connection and the pill placements for rendering the views and dashboards in the workbook.
To clarify: A .twb file does not contain any of the actual data from the database. It contains the definition of how you wish to display data. This means workbook files will normally be very small. But, if you want to share the workbook with other people you need to be certain that they have access rights to the database or that you also provide the data source with the workbook.
b. Tableau Packaged Workbook (.twbx)
If you want to share a workbook with a colleague that doesn’t have access to the data source used to create the workbook, you can still share the file by saving it as a packaged workbook. People without a license to Tableau server or Tableau desktop can also access packaged workbooks using Tableau reader.
Packaged workbooks (.twbx) bundle the data and metadata into a single file. If you later need to access the original data source file contained within the packaged workbook, the point at the file, right-click, and select the unpackaged menu option.
c. Tableau Data Source (.tds)
Changes made within your data window (the left side of your workbook) alter the metadata of your connection. Grouping, sets, aliased names, field-type changes, and any other modifications made in your workbook are part of the metadata. Can you share just the metadata with others? The answer is yes. This is done by creating a Tableau Data Source (.tds) file.
A Tableau data source file defines where the source data is, how to connect to it, what field names have been changed, and other changes applied in the dimensions and measures shelves. Data source files can be saved locally or published to Tableau Server. This is particularly helpful if you work in a large enterprise. Perhaps you have a small number of database experts that understand your database schema well. They can create the connection, define table joins, group or rename fields, and then publish the data source file for less experienced staff to use as a starting point.
To create a data source file right-click on the filename in your data window, then select the add to saved data sources option. Data source files are placed in the My Tableau repository/data source folder. Additionally, files placed in that folder are automatically displayed as saved data connections on Tableau’s home and connection tabs. The best part about this option—changes made to the data source file are automatically propagated to other people using that connection!
d. Tableau Data Package Source (.tdsx)
This file is like the .tds record with the expansion of information alongside the association points of interest.
e. Tableau Data Extract (.tde)
This record contains the information utilized as a part of a .twb document in an exceptionally compacted columnar information design. This Tableau file type is used to optimize storage. It additionally spares the amassed estimations that are connected in the examination. This record ought to be revived to get the refreshed information from the source. Its file extension is .tde.
f. Tableau Preferences (.tps)
This file records, the color preference used in an entire workbook. It is predominantly utilized for a reliable look and feels across the user.
g. Tableau Bookmark (.tbm)
Bookmark files save the data and metadata related to a worksheet within your workbook—including the connection and calculated fields.
To create a bookmark file go to the windows menu bar and look for the bookmark menu option and select create a bookmark.
The bookmark will become visible when a new Tableau session is a start. The file will appear in the windows menu. Opening the bookmark file will initiate the connection and add it to the workbook. Tableau bookmark files are stored in your Tableau repository in the bookmarks folder.
So, this was all about Tableau File Types. Hope you like our explanation.
In this Tableau tutorial, we learned about the different Tableau file types with their extensions in detail. This will help us better understand and learn the Tableau software. Furthermore, if you feel any query or doubt, write us in a comment box.