Getting Started with Python Programming

Check out these Python tutorials and step up for becoming the next data scientist. Choose where to begin, learn at your own pace:

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Unlock the latest Python tutorials – Start it from Scratch


Crack Your Next Python Interview

Want to make it through the next interview you will appear for? Hone your skills with our three-part series of Python interview questions widely asked in the industry. With basic to advanced questions of Python, this is a great way to expand your repertoire and boost your confidence.


Interview Questions


Python Infographic – What is Python?

Python Infographic

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Exploring the Python Language

Let’s take a look at some facts about Python programming and its philosophies.

What is Python?

Python is a general-purpose, object-oriented, high-level programming language. It is interpreted and dynamically-typed. Its readability along with its powerful libraries have given it the honor of being the preferred language for exciting careers like that of a data scientist or a machine learning engineer. Python is also often chosen as the language to introduce students to programming in schools and universities. This Python tutorials package help you to learn it from scratch and you will become a master of Python soon.

Python BDFL Guido Van Rossum

Guido Van Rossum

Python History

Python first appeared in 1990 as a hobby project. Then came along Python 2.0 on 16 October 2000, and Python 3.0 followed on December 3, 2008, after a long period of testing. While most Python code still runs on version 2.7, the future belongs to version 3.0. The end-of-life for Python 2.7 is scheduled to be January 1, 2020; this is to buy some time for the transition for code from Python 2.0. What we recognize today as Python finds its etymological origins in his penchant for Monty Python’s Flying Circus, a British sketch comedy from 1969.

While the community dubs Guido the Benevolent Dictator For Life (BDFL), he permanently resigned from this post on July 12, 2018.

Python Quotes

“The fun of coding Python should be in seeing short, concise, readable classes that describe a lot of action in a small amount of clear code — not in reams of trivial code that bores the reader to death.” Guido van Rossum, Founder of Python

“Everyone knows that any scripting language shootout that doesn’t depict Python as the best language is faulty by design.” Max M

“The canonical, “Python is a great first language”, elicited, “Python is a great last language!” Noah Spurrier

“Python has been an essential part of Google since the beginning and remains so as the system grows and evolves. Today many Google engineers use Python, and we’re looking for more people with skills in this language.” Peter Norvig, Search Quality Director at Google

“Python is fast enough for our site and allows us to generate maintainable features in record times, with a minimum of developers.” Cuong Do, Software Architect at YouTube

Python Facts

  • Python is a fully packed war machine with its applications in all domains. It’s used in web development, data science, machine learning, networking, scripting, automation, web scraping, game development, scientific and numeric calculations, 3D graphics, robotics, etc.
  • In the GitHub’s state of the octoverse 2019 annual survey reports, Python overtook Java to become the second most popular language after JavaScript.
  • Python has large community support, many developers and people learning on their own support each other and continuously contributes to the development of Python.
  • Google has been supporting Python from the beginning. It has integrated Python in its workflow and Python is also called as the official language of Google.

Python Features

Let’s see some of the interesting features of Python:

  • Easy to read, write and learn – Python is called a beginner-friendly language because of its simplicity. Python is easier to read, write and learn than other general programming languages.
  • Free and open-source – Python is freely available to download and it’s also open-source, which means you can create your flavour of Python by modifying the code and even distribute it.
  • Dynamic typed – Python is an interpreted language and the data type of Python is decided during the runtime and not at compile time. We don’t have to declare the data type for each variable.
  • Portable – Python is highly portable, you don’t have to change the code in order to shift your program from one operating system to another.
  • Large standard library – Python standard library comes with lots of implementations so you don’t have to write code for every task. The standard library comes packed with libraries for regular expressions, documentation-generator, unit-testing, web browsers, threading, database, emails, image manipulation, etc.

Python Frameworks

Frameworks let developers automate redundant tasks. This allows users to focus on application logic rather than the routine elements.

Let us discuss some of the popular frameworks of Python:

  • Django – Django is one of the most loved full-stack frameworks for web development. It follows the DRY(Don’t Repeat Yourself) principle and offers rapid development.
  • Flask – Flask is a microframework for web-based applications that is well suited for easy and small projects.
  • Robot framework – Robot is an open-source testing framework for test-driven development. It’s an extensible keyword-driven automation framework for acceptance testing.
  • Tornado – The tornado framework is mainly built to handle asynchronous programming. It is highly scalable due to non-blocking system which was inspired by the node.js
  • CherryPy- CherryPy is an object-oriented Python framework which is a non-full stack web framework. It is used to provide CRUD functionalities for applications and helps in managing project.

Zen of Python

20 software principles inspire the design of Python; in June of 1999, Tim Peters articulated 19 of those. As an easter egg, you can find this in the interpreter by entering import this.

Zen of Python