Advantages of Python over Java – Python gets your job done!

For a programmer, choosing a programming language is the most fundamental part. The programming language is a programmer’s toolbox to perform every kind of programming activity. Choosing the right one from a sea of available languages is a big hell of a task. Finding a language that can fulfill all your necessary requirements is very difficult and that too amongst the two most popular programming languages – Python and Java. So, here are some of the top advantages of Python over Java, that will tell you how Python gets the job done.  As we know, out there, we have Python which has made amazing progress in the last few years and currently giving edge-on competition to java and its applications.

Both languages are perfect as they are capable of doing almost every task. To make a decision between them, their differences can be used. Python, in an interesting way, has a lot to offer to Java developers in both similarities and differences. It can be formulated by comparing key characteristics in different fields to have more clarity of choice.

Python Introduction

It can model real-world entities being an object-oriented programming language. It is also dynamically typed, carrying out type-checking at run-time. Different from Java, Python is an interpreted language that executes one line at a time in the Python Integrated Development Environment (IDLE).

What are you waiting for? Start exploring A-Z of Python programming language

Java Introduction

It is a general-purpose programming language that is concurrent. Java is class-based and object-oriented. It follows the principle of “write once, run anywhere” (WORA) and is platform-independent. We can say that it is free to access and can run it on all platforms.

Python vs Java

Let’s begin the rigorous comparison between Python and Java!

1. “Hello world” example

Starting with the very basic program we come across while learning any language.

Java

public class HelloWorld
{
public static void main(String[] args)
{
System.out.println("Hello World");
}
}

Python

print(“Hello World”)

The 7-line length of code in java compared to 1-line code in python says it all about which one wins this point!

2. Syntax

Python is a dynamically-typed language. Hence, you don’t need to determine variable types as the checks are done at runtime by the interpreter. This forms a design to be “English-like” therefore code becomes much more readable and simpler. Python is friendly for beginners as it uses indentation on the place of braces which makes it similar to that of pseudocode.

Java, on the other hand, has strict syntax being statically-typed one needs to declare variables explicitly. With the smallest irregularity in the code, the complete code will not compile. That is not the easiest thing to be handled by developers.

Before moving on, I recommend you to check the most trending difference between Python and Java in detail 

Python Interview Questions

Advantages of Python over Java

Here are the advantages of Python over java on the basis of application, job opportunity, and salary. Let’s start –

advantages of python over java

i. Application-Based

Moving onto application-based differences which can show the advantages of Python over Java –

1. Data Science

Python has taken over the scientific and research community, and the reason is because of its ease of use and simplified syntax. It makes itself easy to adopt compared to Java, for people with “non-engineering background” and people expert in it are already doing wonders. Another reason that suggests popularity is the online educational support for python, making it easy to use. Thanks to its versatility, Python has become a sort of skill one can have to join the data science community or any computer science-based development community. Python is incredibly productive as it makes frameworks available with APIs, with addition to the scientific packages coming from the industry. You must know about the importance of Python for Data Science to become a data science expert.

2. Machine learning

Since Python is a full-fledged general-purpose language, it has become popular amongst people coming from various disciplines, experimenting with machine learning. People trying to bring the power of AI to their fields also drag the use of Python and its importance in their respective fields also. Naming the most popular language in Python – TensorFlow, Keras, Sickit-Learn, and PyTorch. Java is also considered as a fairly good option when the database is old and again platform is Java-based. As the industries, old or new, are moving towards trending technology, it is possible that the use of java fades away.

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3. Web Development

Backend development can be covered by both languages. It is extremely hard to cover all the designing requirements from scratch and to also take care of reliability and effectiveness. To cover all these prospects, developers use frameworks that can do the same. The most popular ones are Django and Flask (Python). Basic functionalities like routing requests can be done with Flask, a micro-web framework. For more features, Django is used. It adds efficiency and security to the backend. It is equipped with a powerful ORM layer that eases the performance of operations on the data. As far as Java is concerned, Spring is a well-known Java backend framework but it is not as trending as Django nowadays. It is a more powerful option for building an enterprise-level application.

ii. Job Opportunity and Salary Based

Proceeding the advantages of Python over Java on the basis of Job opportunity and salary factors:

Each Language provides a different set of job opportunities but it is worth noting that Python is making more strides than Java, looking at the current situation. Tools belonging to Python – GREENLETS, and GEVENT allow threading-like programming style. Python tools also support in writing mobile applications – KIVY. Python’s recent updations, such as fixing error messages, modify paths in Windows installer, etc have made it easier for coders to work with it. As far as the job is concerned, Python has a slight edge over Java.

Have you checked the career opportunities of Python

Python appears as a good option when you analyze on the basis of popularity and needs. Python seems to be an exception when the salary distribution is concerned. Specialists are offered more generous salaries above any general trend of rare technologies. Python is one of the highest-paid programming languages. It is worth noting, $110,021 is not as a number to be ignored when that much of amount is added to your bank balance. The average salary of Python computer programmers may be high but it cannot explain all factors of python being the favorite one for engineers. The above-stated factors as a power above these numbers.

Conclusion

Python’s use is just like a helpful assistant which is handling you its tools. It serves as a glue language for beginners and experts to come together and collaborate for scientific development. While Java certainly has its own benefits and has done wonders for coders, but Python recently has started making more sense. Its contributions are far more flexible, user-friendly, and create an enjoyable coding experience. This language will get out of the way and helps you to get your job done.

Hope you enjoyed reading these advantages of Python over Java. If you have any doubt regarding the same, feel free to ask through comments.

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