Python Histogram | Python Bar Plot (Matplotlib & Seaborn)

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1. Objective

Today, we will see how can we create Python Histogram and Python Bar Plot using Matplotlib and Seaborn Python libraries. Moreover, in this Python Histogram and Bar Plotting Tutorial, we will understand Histograms and Bars in Python with the help of example and graphs.

So, let’s understand the Histogram and Bar Plot in Python.

Python Histogram

Python Histogram | Python Bar Plot (Matplotlib & Seaborn)

2. Python Histogram

A histogram is a graph that represents the way numerical data is represented. The input to it is a numerical variable, which it separates into bins on the x-axis. This is a vector of numbers and can be a list or a DataFrame column. A higher bar represents more observations per bin. Also, the number of bins decides the shape of the histogram.
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a. Example of Python Histogram

Let’s begin with a simple Matplotlib Histogram Example.

>>> import seaborn as sn
>>> df=sn.load_dataset(‘iris’)
>>> sn.distplot(df['sepal_length'])

<matplotlib.axes._subplots.AxesSubplot object at 0x07837230

>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
Python Histogram

Python Matplotlib Histogram Example

>>> sn.distplot(df['sepal_length'],bins=25)

<matplotlib.axes._subplots.AxesSubplot object at 0x07837230>

Python Histogram

Python Matplotlib Histogram Example

To plot this without Seaborn, we can do the following-

>>> import numpy as np
>>> from matplotlib import colors
>>> from matplotlib.ticker import PercentFormatter
>>> np.random.seed(19720810)
>>> N=100000
>>> n_bins=20
>>> x=np.random.randn(N)
>>> y=.7*x+np.random.randn(100000)+7
>>> fig,axs=plt.subplots(1,2,sharey=True,tight_layout=True)
>>> axs[0].hist(x,bins=n_bins)
>>> axs[1].hist(y,bins=n_bins)
Python Histogram

Example – Matplotlib Histogram in Python

b. Displaying Only The Histogram

We can choose to show or hide the Python Histogram, the rug, and the kernel density. Let’s try displaying only the Python Histogram for now.
Let’s revise Python Web Framework

>>> sn.distplot(a=df['sepal_length'],hist=True,kde=False,rug=False)

<matplotlib.axes._subplots.AxesSubplot object at 0x0955C310>

Python Histogram

Displaying Only The Histogram

c. Displaying Histogram, Rug, and Kernel Density

Now let’s try displaying all three.

>>> sn.distplot(a=df['sepal_length'],hist=True,kde=True,rug=True)

<matplotlib.axes._subplots.AxesSubplot object at 0x09526EB0>

Python Histogram

Displaying Histogram, Rug, and Kernel Density

d. Customizing the rug

Let’s set the rug to red.
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>>> sn.distplot(a=df['sepal_length'],rug=True,rug_kws={'color':'r','alpha':0.35,'linewidth':5})

<matplotlib.axes._subplots.AxesSubplot object at 0x07B18BD0>

Python Histogram

Customizing the rug

e. Customizing the density distribution

Using keywords for kernel density, we can customize the density distribution.

>>> sn.distplot(a=df['sepal_length'],kde=True,kde_kws={'color':'r','alpha':0.35,'linewidth':5})

<matplotlib.axes._subplots.AxesSubplot object at 0x07E5B7D0>

Python Histogram

Customizing the density distribution

f. Vertical Python Histogram

Now let’s try making a vertical Python Histogram.
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>>> sn.distplot(df['sepal_length'],color='lightpink',vertical=True)

<matplotlib.axes._subplots.AxesSubplot object at 0x07DCD6D0>

Python Histogram

Vertical Python Histogram

g. Python Histogram with multiple variables

We can view together the histograms for multiple numeric variables.

>>> sn.distplot(df['sepal_length'],color='skyblue',label='Sepal length')

<matplotlib.axes._subplots.AxesSubplot object at 0x0849ABB0>

>>> sn.distplot(df['sepal_width'],color='lightpink',label='Sepal width')

<matplotlib.axes._subplots.AxesSubplot object at 0x0849ABB0>

Python Histogram

Multiple variables with Histogram in Python

3. Python Bar Plot

A bar plot in Python, also known as a bar chart, represents how a numerical variable relates to a categorical variable.
Let’s have a look at Python Pandas

a. Example of Python Bar Plot

Let’s take a quick Matplotlib Bar Chart Example.

>>> import numpy as np
>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> marks=[79,45,22,89,95]
>>> bars=('Roll 1','Roll 2','Roll 3','Roll 4','Roll 5')
>>> y=np.arange(len(bars))

<BarContainer object of 5 artists>

>>> plt.xticks(y,bars)

([<matplotlib.axis.XTick object at 0x0942EFD0>, <matplotlib.axis.XTick object at 0x0942E3B0>, <matplotlib.axis.XTick object at 0x0942E2B0>, <matplotlib.axis.XTick object at 0x079E60B0>, <matplotlib.axis.XTick object at 0x079E62F0>], <a list of 5 Text xticklabel objects>)

Python Histogram

Example of Python Bar Plot

b. Setting a Different Color for Each Bar

Let’s try five different colors for the bars.


<BarContainer object of 5 artists>

>>> plt.xticks(y,bars)

([<matplotlib.axis.XTick object at 0x0947B570>, <matplotlib.axis.XTick object at 0x0947B170>, <matplotlib.axis.XTick object at 0x0946EC90>, <matplotlib.axis.XTick object at 0x094954B0>, <matplotlib.axis.XTick object at 0x09495850>], <a list of 5 Text xticklabel objects>)

Python Histogram

Python Bar Chart – Setting Different Color For Each Bar

c. Setting Border Color

And now for the border color,  we use the parameter edgecolor.
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<BarContainer object of 5 artists>

>>> plt.xticks(y,bars)

([<matplotlib.axis.XTick object at 0x094A7FB0>, <matplotlib.axis.XTick object at 0x094A7BB0>, <matplotlib.axis.XTick object at 0x094A7770>, <matplotlib.axis.XTick object at 0x09426050>, <matplotlib.axis.XTick object at 0x094261F0>], <a list of 5 Text xticklabel objects>)

Python Histogram

Python Bar Plot – Setting Border Color

d. Horizontal Python Bar Plot

How about a horizontal bar Plot?

>>> plt.barh(y,marks)

<BarContainer object of 5 artists>

>>> plt.yticks(y,bars)

([<matplotlib.axis.YTick object at 0x084DFC70>, <matplotlib.axis.YTick object at 0x09409B90>, <matplotlib.axis.YTick object at 0x09409CF0>, <matplotlib.axis.YTick object at 0x09413D70>, <matplotlib.axis.YTick object at 0x09413790>], <a list of 5 Text yticklabel objects>)

Python Histogram

Horizontal Python Bar Plot

e. Adding Title and Axis Labels

Let’s call it Sample graph, with roll numbers on the x axis and marks on the y axis.
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<BarContainer object of 5 artists>

>>> plt.title('Sample graph')

Text(0.5,1,’Sample graph’)

>>> plt.xlabel('Roll numbers')

Text(0.5,0,’Roll numbers’)

>>> plt.ylabel('Marks')


>>> plt.ylim(0,100)

(0, 100)

>>> plt.xticks(y,bars)

([<matplotlib.axis.XTick object at 0x07E991F0>, <matplotlib.axis.XTick object at 0x07E99FD0>, <matplotlib.axis.XTick object at 0x07E999F0>, <matplotlib.axis.XTick object at 0x07E5B1B0>, <matplotlib.axis.XTick object at 0x07DF2CF0>], <a list of 5 Text xticklabel objects>)
Let’s discuss Python Data File Formats

Python Histogram

Adding Title and Axis Labels in Python Bar Plot

So, this was all in Python Histogram and Bar Plot using Matplotlib library. Hope you like our explanation.

4. Conclusion

Hence, in this Python Histogram tutorial, we conclude two important topics with plotting- histograms and bar plots in Python. While they seem similar, they’re two different things. Moreover, we discussed example of Histogram in Python and Python bar Plotting example. Still, if any doubt regarding Python Bar Plot, ask in the comment tab. 
For example

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