12 Features of Python that make it The Most Popular Programming Language

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Learn the Features of Python Programming Language that make it so much popular and powerful in the world. Knowing these features will make you love Python. So let’s start!!!

Features of Python

1. Easy

When we say the word ‘easy’, we mean it in different contexts.

a. Easy to Code

Python is very easy to code as compared to other popular languages like Java and C++.

Anyone can learn Basic Python syntax in just a few hours. Thus, it is programmer-friendly.

b. Easy to Read

Being a high-level language, Python code is quite like English. Looking at it, you can tell what the code is supposed to do.

Also, since it is dynamically-typed, it mandates indentation. This aids readability.

2. Expressive

First, let’s learn what is expressiveness. Suppose we have two languages A and B, and all programs that can be made in A can be made in B using local transformations.

However, there are some programs that can be made in B, but not in A, using local transformations. Then, B is said to be more expressive than A.

Python provides us with a myriad of constructs that help us focus on the solution rather than on the syntax.

This is one of the outstanding python features that tell you why you should learn Python.

3. Free and Open-Source

Firstly, Python is freely available. You can download it from the Python Official Website.

Secondly, it is open-source. This means that its source code is available to the public. You can download it, change it, use it, and distribute it.

This is called FLOSS(Free/Libre and Open Source Software).

As the Python community, we’re all headed toward one goal- an ever-bettering Python.

4. High-Level

Python is a high-level language. This means that as programmers, we don’t need to remember the system architecture.

Also, we need not manage memory. This makes it more programmer-friendly and is one of the key python features.

5. Portable

Let’s assume you’ve written a Python code for your Windows machine. Now, if you want to run it on a Mac, you don’t need to make changes to it for the same.

In other words, you can take one code and run it on any machine. This makes Python a portable language.

However, you must avoid any system-dependent features in this case.

6. Interpreted

If you’re familiar with any languages like C++ or Java, you must first compile it, and then run it. But in Python, there is no need to compile it.

Internally, its source code is converted into an immediate form called bytecode.

So, all you need to do is to run your Python code without worrying about linking to libraries, and a few other things.

By interpreted, we mean the source code is executed line by line, and not all at once. Because of this, it is easier to debug your code.

Also, interpreting makes it just slightly slower than Java, but that does not matter compared to the benefits it offers.

If you have any doubt in DataFlair’s features of python programming language article, drop a comment below and we will get back to you.

7. Object-Oriented

A programming language that can model the real world is said to be object-oriented. It focuses on objects and combines data and functions.

Contrarily, a procedure-oriented language revolves around functions, which are code that can be reused.

Python supports both procedure-oriented and object-oriented programming which is one of the key python features.

It also supports multiple inheritance, unlike Java.

A class is a blueprint for such an object. It is an abstract data type and holds no values.

8. Extensible

If needed, you can write some of your Python code in other languages like C++.

This makes Python an extensible language, meaning that it can be extended to other languages.

9. Embeddable

We just saw that we can put code in other languages in our Python source code.

However, it is also possible to put our Python code in a source code in a different language like C++.

This allows us to integrate scripting capabilities into our program of the other language.

10. Large Standard Library

Python downloads with a large library that you can use so you don’t have to write your own code for every single thing.

There are libraries for regular expressions, documentation-generation, unit-testing, web browsers, threading, databases, CGI, email, image manipulation, and a lot of other functionality.

11. GUI Programming

Software is not user-friendly until its GUI is made. A user can easily interact with the software with a GUI.

Python offers various libraries for making Graphical user interface for your applications.

For this, you can use Tkinter, wxPython or JPython. These toolkits allow you for easy and fast development of GUI.

12. Dynamically Typed

Python is dynamically-typed. This means that the type for a value is decided at runtime, not in advance.

This is why we don’t need to specify the type of data while declaring it.

This is all about the features of the python programming language.

Popular Python Interview Questions

Here are some of the frequently asked Interview Questions from this topic:

  1. How is Python Portable Language?
  2. How will you define a Dynamically Typed language?
  3. What is FLOSS?
  4. What do you mean by “Python is Expressive”?
  5. List 10 Features of Python.

Summary

In this tutorial, we learned about various features of Python. We saw that it is interpreted, dynamically-typed, and object-oriented. It is also portable, free, and easy.

Now that’s some motivation to dive into the world of Python. Start learning Python now to give a boost to your Career.

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20 Responses

  1. kiran sahu says:

    Hello,
    Nice article a lot to learn from looking foreword for new articles from you do keep posting.
    Thank You..!!

  2. Jakub Syzgenda says:

    banging article, keep up the good work

  3. Ambika says:

    Very good, nice one. I want more explanation about object oriented and procedure oriented.

    • DataFlair Team says:

      Hi Ambika.
      While procedure-oriented programming focusses on procedures, which are routines or functions, object-oriented programming breaks code down into classes and objects in an attempt to model the real world. Some languages can follow both paradigms.
      One advantage of OOP over POP is code reusability. It also benefits security.
      Also, POP follows a top-down approach and OOP follows a bottom-up approach.
      Hope, it helps you!

  4. Tabassum says:

    Nice article a lot of information about Python features .thank you so much for posting

  5. David Smith says:

    Amazing blog

  6. Raghavender says:

    Very clear to understand

  7. sanaa mohsin says:

    Fantastic and far from tradition and simulation.
    I wish everyone a new walk with her

  8. jitesh khurana says:

    very easy

  9. venkat says:

    your articles on python very easy to understand and helpful. I have a query, I do not know whether I can address here or not . since you are an experr on the subject I need your guidance.
    I am a new to python but little knowledge. Due to Covid-19 lockdown I started learning python and started a small application of student registration. I have a table with details. While registering the student he will select any class from combo box and will be updated backend. In case he/ she wanted to change the class they go to edit option by giving the key the full information will be displayed. here the problem is the combo box displays the original list. however it has to display what was previously input to the table needs to be the current item of the combo box in order for the student to change .Above are in tkinter issues. thanks for your help in advance.

  10. Lilian Ugoagha says:

    Thanks, nice article. Please can you explain what it means to be an embedded language and what a GUI is or does.

    • DataFlair Team says:

      Thanks for liking this python Features tutorial.

      GUI helps users to interact with the software easily. Embeddable Language means it is also possible to put our Python code in a source code in a different language like C++

  11. kumna says:

    Good post

  12. Oludotun Soneye says:

    Hi….I like the way the tutorial is being handled…but the practical part is too FAST! I could hardly follow and understand it. Is there somewhere one can see the questions for the practicals and understand the requirements before wayching the solutions on the tutorial?

    Thank you

    • DataFlair Team says:

      Thanks for liking the Python course by DataFlair. Regarding your issue, you will find the practicals and their solution in LMS as well apart from the video. That will help you in looking at the problem first and try on your own before looking to our solution.

  13. Richa says:

    Very nice article, properly explained the features. Learning python through your free course. It is really amazing course.

    • DataFlair Team says:

      We are glad that you liked our Python Free course. Do share with your friends as well to spread the knowledge.

  14. nishi shah says:

    your articles on python very easy to understand and helpful. I have a query, I do not know whether I can address here or not. since you are an expert on the subject.
    I am new to python but little knowledge. Due to the Covid-19 lockdown, I started learning python.

  15. James says:

    More information.more new function

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