List of R Packages – Master all the Core Packages of R Programming!

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In this article, we will go through the list of some important packages in R. We will discuss the most popular and commonly used packages. These packages do not have rankings in any order but are a part of this article due to their functionalities and diverse operations.

R is the lingua franca of Data Science that comprises of a massive repository of packages. These packages appeal to various fields that make use of R for their data purposes. There are 10,000 packages in CRAN, making it an ocean of quintessential statistical functions. While it is not possible to name every single package in this article, we will do our best to include the most popular and commonly used packages in R.

List of R Packages

List of Packages in R

The list of major packages in R programming language is as follows:

1. tidyr

As the name suggests, we use tidyr to make the data ‘tidy’. It works well with dplyr. This is basically an evolution of the reshape2 package which we will discuss later.

Wait! First, learn to Install and Use Packages in R Programming

2. ggplot2

With ggplot2, you can create graphics declaratively. ggplot2 is famous for its elegant and quality graphs that sets it apart from other visualization packages.

3. ggraph

ggraph is an extension of ggplot2. It takes away the limitation of ggplot2, that is, its dependency on tabular data.

4. dplyr

We use this library for performing data wrangling and data analysis. The dplyr library facilitates several functions for the data frames in R.

Let’s revise the concept of R Data Frame Operations

5. tidyquant

tidyquant is a financial package that is used for carrying out quantitative financial analysis. It adds to the tidyverse universe as a financial package. We can use it for importing, analyzing and visualizing the data.

6. dygraphs

The dygraphs package in R provides an interface to the main JavaScript library that we can use for charting. It is especially used for plotting time-series data in R.

7. leaflet

The leaflet is an open-source JavaScript library for creating interactive visualizations. Popular websites like New York Times, Flickr, Github, etc use leaflet. The R package of leaflet makes it easy to interact with it.

All the Essential JavaScript Libraries that you must know!

8. ggmap

This is a mapping package that is used for delineating spatial visualizations. It also consists of various tools for geolocating and routing.

9. glue

The developers made this package for performing the operation of data wrangling. We use this package for evaluating R expressions that are present within the string.

10. shiny

With the help of shiny, you can develop interactive and aesthetically pleasing web apps using R. It also provides various extensions with CSS, HTML widgets and JavaScript.

11. plotly

The R package ‘plotly’ provides online interactive and quality graphs. It extends upon the JavaScript library –plotly.js.

12. tidytext

This package provides various functions of text mining for word processing and carrying out sentiment analysis through ‘dplyr’, ‘ggplot’ and other miscellaneous tools.

Do explore the Data Science Project on Sentiment Analysis in R

13. stringr

This package provides consistent and simple to use wrappers for the ‘stringi’ package which facilitates common string operations.

14. reshape2

This package facilitates flexible restructuring and aggregation of data using melt() and decast() functions.

15. dichromat

The R dichromat package is for removing Red-Green or Blue-Green Contrasts from the colours.

16. digest

We make use of the digest package for the creation of cryptographic hash objects of R functions.

17. MASS

MASS provides a large number of statistical functions. It provides datasets that are in conjunction with the book “Modern Applied Statistics with S”.

18. caret

The caret package provides functions for carrying out classification and regression tasks. CaretEnsemble, a feature of caret is for the combination of different models.

You must know about Classification in R Programming before proceeding ahead

19. e1071

This library provides useful functions that are essential for data analysis like Fourier Transforms, Naive Bayes, Clustering, SVMs and other miscellaneous functions.

20. sentimentr

This package provides functions for carrying out sentiment analysis. It calculates text polarity at the sentence level and performs aggregation by rows or grouping variables.


In the above article, we went through the list of most popular packages in R. We discussed various libraries that we utilize for data wrangling, analysis and visualization. R is an ever-evolving language that has created its foothold in the Data Science industry. We hope that you enjoyed reading this article. If we missed out any package that you consider to be important, be sure to comment.

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1 Response

  1. Angeline says:

    when I am installing some of the R packages it keeps telling me we need to restart R first or the package was used with a certain version of R. What can I do so that I am able to install that package?

    Thank you for the a very elaborate information.

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