Hadoop vs Cassandra – Which is Better for 2019 | 15 Reasons to Learn

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1. Apache Cassandra Vs Hadoop

Today, we will take a look at Hadoop vs Cassandra. There is always a question occurs that which technology is the right choice between Hadoop vs Cassandra.

So, in this article, “Hadoop vs Cassandra” we will see the difference between Apache Hadoop and Cassandra. Although, to understand well we will start with an individual introduction of both in brief.

Apache Cassandra is based on a NoSQL database and suitable for high speed, online transactional data. On the other hand Hadoop concentrate on data warehousing and data lake use cases. It is a big data analytics system.

So, let’s start the Hadoop vs Cassandra.

Hadoop vs Cassandra

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2. Difference Between Hadoop and Cassandra

We will see the Big Data Hadoop vs Cassandra difference by discussing the meaning of Hadoop and Cassandra:

a. What is Hadoop?

As we know an open source software, especially, designed to handle parallel processing is what we call Hadoop. We also use it as a data warehouse for large volume data.

In other words, this is a framework which allows storing as well as processing big data in a distributed environment across clusters of computers by using simple programming models.

Basically, the main aim to design it is to scale up from single servers to thousands of machines. And, especially, to make each of them offering local computation as well as storage.

Best Hadoop Books to learn Hadoop

b. What is Cassandra?

Whereas, it is simply a NoSQL database, for the purpose of high speed, online transactional data. Well, its best feature is that it works without a single point of failure.

Moreover, it helps to keep the updated status of the surrounding nodes in the cluster with the help of the gossip protocol. There may be a time when one node goes down, at that time the other one takes its responsibility until the failed one is not fixed.

Although, when the nodes exchange the gossip, older information gets overwritten by a newer version of gossip, because all gossip messages possess a version associated with it.

Let’s Check HBase vs Cassandra

In addition, it supports unstructured data along with a flexible schema.

3. Feature Wise Comparison of Hadoop vs Cassandra

Now, let’s begin the comparison of Cassandra Vs Hadoop:

  • Supported Format
  • Usage
  • Working
  • CAP Parameters
  • Communication
  • Architecture
  • Data Access Mode
  • Fault Tolerance
  • Data Compression
  • Data Protection
  • Latency
  • Indexing
  • Data Flow
  • Data Storage Model
  • Replication Factor

a. Supported format

  • Apache Hadoop

Hadoop handles several types of data such as – structured, semi-structured, unstructured or images.
Have a look at Setup for Hadoop

  • Cassandra

However, rather than Images, Cassandra handles almost all structured, semi-structured, unstructured datasets. In addition, we can say Cassandra is best to perform on a semi-structured dataset.

b. Usage

  • Apache Hadoop

Especially, we use Hadoop for batch processing of data.
Let’s discuss Hadoop Features

  • Cassandra

Whereas, it is mostly used for real-time processing.

c. Work

  • Apache Hadoop

Hadoop’s core is HDFS, which is a base for other analytical components especially for handling big data.
You must see the Hadoop Working Process

  • Cassandra

Well, it works on top HDFS.

d. CAP Parameters(consistency, availability and partition tolerance )

  • Apache Hadoop

It supports consistency and partition tolerance.

  • Cassandra

But it supports availability and partition tolerance.

e. Communication

  • Apache Hadoop

For communication among nodes in a cluster, Hadoop uses RPC/TCP and UDP.

  • Cassandra

And, it uses gossip protocol, for communication between nodes. Basically, this protocol helps by broadcasting the node status to its peer nodes in the cluster.

f. Architecture

  • Apache Hadoop

It has a master-slave architecture. Where master is Namenode and Slave is data node.

  • Cassandra

But it has a distributed architecture. Although, here is a peer to peer communication between all the nodes.

g. Data Access Mode

  • Apache Hadoop

Basically, to read/write, it uses map-reduce.

  • Cassandra

Well, it uses Cassandra query language.

h. Fault tolerance

  • Apache Hadoop

Everything goes for a toss if the master node goes down. Hence, we can say, Hadoop is not good with failure.  

  • Cassandra

But Cassandra is good with it, because when one node goes down, at that time the other one takes its responsibility until the failed one is not fixed.

i. Data Compression

  • Apache Hadoop

It compresses files 10-15 % by using best available techniques.

  • Cassandra

Whereas, it compresses files up to 80% even without any overhead.

j. Data Protection

  • Apache Hadoop

Access control & Data audit, verify the appropriate user/group permission, in Hadoop.

  • Cassandra

Whereas, in Cassandra, Data is protected with commit log design. Moreover, backup and restore mechanism (Build in security) plays a vital role here.
Have a look at Cassandra Data Model

k. Latency

  • Apache Hadoop

While it comes to Hadoop’s latency, its write latency is comparatively less than reading, due to the huge number of nodes.

  • Cassandra

Its latency is less since it is based on NoSQL. It read/write functions are fast.

l. Indexing

  • Apache Hadoop

It is difficult in Hadoop.

  • Cassandra

In Cassandra, it is quite simple due to its data storage in a key-value pair.

m. Data Flow

  • Apache Hadoop

Here, data is directly written to the data node.

  • Cassandra

But here, data is written to memory first, in memory structure format that we call as mem-table. And, it is written to disk, once that is full.

Have a look at Cassandra vs RDBMS

n. Data Storage Model

  • Apache Hadoop

While it comes to data storage, HDFS is the file system here. Basically, all Large files are broken into chunks and further get replicated to multiple nodes.

  • Cassandra

However, to store data Cassandra uses a Keyspace column family concept. Basically, it offers primary as well as secondary indexes for the high availability of data.

o. Replication Factor

  • Apache Hadoop

By default, Hadoop has a replication factor of 3.

  • Cassandra

But in Cassandra, the number of nodes in a data center is the value of replication factor, by default.

Test your Cassandra Knowledge

So, this was all in Apache Hadoop vs Cassandra. Hope you liked our explanation.

4. Summary of Hadoop vs Cassandra

Hence, we have seen when it comes to scalability, high availability, low latency without compromising on performance, Cassandra is the right choice. But when data storage, data searching, data analysis and data reporting of voluminous data needs to be done, Hadoop is a great one.

Thus, we can say we have all our answers regarding this comparison now. We hope this Cassandra vs Hadoop comparison helps. Still, if any doubts, you can comment below. We will definitely come back to you!

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