Constructor Overloading in Java | Learn the Implementation of Copy Constructor

After method overloading, here we come up with the concept of Constructor Overloading in Java. It is the process of declaring the same constructor with various parameters in the same class. Here, we will also discuss the copy constructor in Java with example.

Constructor Overloading in Java

Constructor overloading is possible in Java; it is called upon the parameters being executed. In general words, we can say it is a concept of having the various constructor with a different parameter list, in this way every constructor perform a different task.

1. When do we need Constructor Overloading?

We need to initialize the object in different ways as per the requirement for which we use Java constructor overloading. If we do not specify anything about a thread, then we can use the default but if do want to specify then we use this syntax.

Wait a minute! Have you completed the Java Constructor Tutorial

Syntax –

Thread t= new Thread (" MyThread ");

Example of Constructor Overloading –

class Box
{
double width, height,depth;
Box(double w, double h, double d)
{
width = w;
height = h;
depth = d;
}
double volume()
{
return width * height * depth;
}

The Box() constructor requires three parameters to pass through, and we declare without declaring them then there will be an error. The problem is overcome using constructor overloading.

package com.dataflair.copyconstructor;
class Box
{
  double width, height, length;
  Box(double widthvar, double heightvar, double lengthvar)
  {
    width = widthvar;
    height = heightvar;
    length = lengthvar;
  }
  Box()
  {
    width = height = length = 0;
  }
  Box(double num) 
  { 
    width = height = length = num; 
  } 
  double volume()
  {
    return width * height * length;
  }
}
public class VolumeProgram
{

  public static void main(String args[])
  {
    Box mybox1 = new Box(10,20,30);
    Box mybox2 = new Box(); 
    Box mycube = new Box(5); 

    double volumeOfBox;
    volumeOfBox = mybox1.volume();
    System.out.println(" Value of First Constructor is " + volumeOfBox);

    volumeOfBox = mybox2.volume(); 
    System.out.println(" Value of Second Constructor is " + volumeOfBox); 

    volumeOfBox = mycube.volume(); 
    System.out.println(" Value of Third Constructor is " + volumeOfBox); 	}

}

Output-

Volume-program-in-Java

Have you heard about Constructor Chaining in Java?

Join DataFlair on Telegram

2. Using this() method in Constructor Overloading

this() statement inside the constructor is used during constructor overloading.

package com.dataflair.copyconstructor;
class Box
{
  double width, height, length;
  int boxNo;
  Box(double widthvar, double heightvar, double lengthvar, int num)
  {
    width = widthvar;
    height = heightvar;
    length = lengthvar;
    boxNo = num;
    
  }
  Box()
  {
    width = height = length = 0;
  }
  Box(int num)
  {
  this();
  boxNo = num;
  }
  double volume()
  {
    return width * height * length;
  }
}
public class VolumeProgram
{

  public static void main(String args[])
  {
    Box mybox1 = new Box(10);
    double volumeOfBox;
    volumeOfBox = mybox1.volume();
    System.out.println(" Volume of mybox1 is " + volumeOfBox);
  }

}

Output-Using-this-keyword

Java Copy Constructor

A Java copy constructor is just like the constructor copying in C++, with only difference it has to be declared and not like in C++ it will declare itself. It is a special type of constructor which takes the same class as an argument.

Recommended Reading – Command Line Argument

Java Copy Constructor Example–

package com.dataflair.copyconstructor;
class ComplexNumber
{
  private double realNumber, imaginaryNumber;
  public ComplexNumber(double realNumber, double imaginaryNumber) 
  {
    this.realNumber = realNumber;
    this.imaginaryNumber = imaginaryNumber;
  }
  ComplexNumber(ComplexNumber copy) 
  {
    System.out.println("Copy constructor called");
    realNumber = copy.realNumber;
    imaginaryNumber = copy.imaginaryNumber;
  }
  @Override
  public String toString() 
  {
    return "(" + realNumber + " + " + imaginaryNumber + "i)";
  }
}
public class CopyConstructorExample 
{

  public static void main(String[] args) {
    ComplexNumber ComplexNumberObject1 = new ComplexNumber(5, 10);
    ComplexNumber ComplexNumberObject2 = new ComplexNumber(ComplexNumberObject1);
    ComplexNumber ComplexNumberObject3 = ComplexNumberObject2;
    System.out.println(ComplexNumberObject2);
  }
}

Output-Complex-Number-Program

Summary

With the constructor overloading, every constructor can perform a different task. By the end of this article, we learned the importance and how to use this() method in constructor overloading. In addition, we discussed a copy constructor with an example. Hope, you like the explanation.

It’s the right time to know about Method Overriding in Java with Rules and Real-time Examples

Furthermore, if you have any doubts, feel free to ask in the comment section.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.