In this ANN Tutorial, we will learn Artificial Neural Network. Here, we will explore the working and structures of ANN. Moreover, we will discuss Artificial Neural Networks Applications & Types. Atlast, we will cover the Bayesian Network in AI.
So, let’s start the Artificial Neural Network Tutorial.
What is Neural Network in Artificial Intelligence(ANN)?
ANN stands for Artificial Neural Networks. Basically, it’s a computational model. That is based on structures and functions of biological neural networks. Although, the structure of the ANN affected by a flow of information. Hence, neural network changes were based on input and output.
Basically, we can consider ANN as nonlinear statistical data. That means complex relationship defines between input and output. As a result, we found different patterns. Also, we call the ANN as a neural network.
Structure of Artificial Neural Network
Generally, the working of a human brain by making the right connections is the idea behind ANNs. That was limited to use of silicon and wires as living neurons and dendrites.
Here, neurons, part of human brain. That was composed of 86 billion nerve cells. Also, connected to other thousands of cells by Axons. Although, there are various inputs from sensory organs. That was accepted by dendrites.
As a result, it creates electric impulses. That is used to travel through the Artificial neural network. Thus, to handle the different issues, neuron send a message to another neuron.
As a result, we can say that ANNs are composed of multiple nodes. That imitate biological neurons of the human brain. Although, we connect these neurons by links. Also, they interact with each other.
Although, nodes are used to take input data. Further, perform simple operations on the data. As a result, these operations are passed to other neurons. Also, output at each node is called its activation or node value.
As each link is associated with weight. Also, they are capable of learning. That takes place by altering weight values. Hence, the following illustration shows a simple ANN −
How Does Artificial Neural Networks Works?
In this topology diagrams, you will learn everything in a detailed manner.
In this, each arrow represents a connection between two neurons. Also, they used to indicate the pathway for the flow of information. As it was noticed that each connection has a weight, an integer number. That used to controls the signal between the two neurons.
If the output is good that was generated by the network then we don’t require to adjust the weights. Although, if poor output generated. Then surely system will alter the weight to improve results.
Machine Learning in ANNs
As there are too many Machine learning strategies are present, let’s see them one by one:
a. Supervised Learning
Generally, in this learning a teacher is present to teach. That teacher must be aware of ANN.
The teacher feeds only example data. That teacher already knows the answers.
b. Unsupervised Learning
If there is present no data set. Then we need this learning technique.
c. Reinforcement Learning
As this Machine learning technique is based on the observation. Although, if it’s negative the networks need to adjust its weights. That is able to make a different required decision the next time.
Back Propagation Algorithm
Generally, we use to call it as training and learning algorithm. As these networks are ideal for simple Pattern Recognition and Mapping Task.
Bayesian Networks (BN)
Basically, we use to call it as graphical structures. Generally, we use this network to represent probabilistic representation. This represents among a set of random variables. Also, we used to call this network as Belief networks or Bayes Nets.
In these networks, each node represents a random variable with specific propositions.
In this only constraint arcs present in BN. Thus, doesn’t need to return node by following directed arcs.
Hence, we can say BNs are known as Directed Acyclic Graphs (DAGs). Hence, we use BNs to handle multivalued variables simultaneously.
Thus, BN variables composed of two dimensions −
- Probability assigned to each of the prepositions.
Artificial Neural Networks Applications
Artificial Neural Network used to perform a various task. Also, this task performs that are busy with humans but difficult for a machine.
Generally, we use ANN a for Autopilot aircrafts. They used for aircraft fault detection.
In various ways, we use ANN an in the military. Such as Weapon orientation and steering, target tracking.
Basically, we use an Artificial neural network in electronics in many ways. That are code sequence prediction, IC chip layout, and chip failure analysis.
As medical has too many machines. That use in various ways. Such as cancer cell analysis, EEG and ECG analysis.
We use ANN in speech recognition and speech classification.
Generally, it has different applications. Thus, we use an Artificial neural network in many ways. Such as image and data compression, automated information services.
Generally, we use an Artificial neural network in transportation in many ways. That are truck Brake system diagnosis and vehicle scheduling, routing systems.
It also uses an ANN in pattern Recognition. Such as in facial recognition, optical character recognition, etc.
i. Time Series Prediction
We use an Artificial neural network to predict time. Also, we use ANNs to make predictions on stocks and natural calamities.
So, this was all about Artificial Neural Network (ANN) Tutorial. Hope you like our explanation