First in India – List of First Indians in Science, Governance, Sports, Defence and Literature

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Being First in India is responsible for setting the benchmark and idealistic platform for others to consider and follow. People are inspired by them, and the 1st person in doing a task which has never been performed before – brings more respect and power to their portfolios. let us see the List of First in India both males and females in various fields like Science and Technology, sports etc.

List of First in India

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List of First in India

1. J.R.D Tata – He was an Indian aviator, entrepreneur, and shareholder in Tata Sons. He was the Chairman of the Tata Group. Suzanne Briere, his mother was the first woman to drive a car in India. JRD Tata is the recipient of Bharat Ratna and Padma Vibhushan. He has been an eminent contributor to the Indian Industry as well. He was the son of Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata. J.R.D Tata also served in the Second World War.

2. W.C Banerjee – He was an Indian Barrister and the co-founder of the Indian National Congress as well. He was the president of INC in the 1892 session in Allahabad again.

3. Rabindranath Tagore – He was the first Asian to win the Nobel Prize. He was the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize and composed the National Anthem of India and Bangladesh. Rabindranath Tagore declined to receive the Knighthood in honor of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. He is known to inspire the youth and the freedom fighters with his writing. He believed in “the pen is mightier than the sword”.

4. Sachin Tendulkar – Also known as the “God of Cricket”, he is known to score the highest runs in International Cricket. He has received the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award. He is the recipient of Padma Shri and Padma Vibhushan and also a member of the Rajya Sabha.

5. Dr. Zakir Hussain – He was an Indian economist who served as the 3rd President of India. He had previously served as the Governor of Bihar and the Vice President of India. Dr Zakir Hussain also founded the Jamia Millia Islamia. He was also the first President to die during his tenure as the President of India.

6. Kalpana Chawla – She completed her education from Punjab Engineering College. She was in space for about 31 days. In 2003, the spacecraft disintegrated during its re-entry in the Earth’s atmosphere. She is one of the 7 members who died in the Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster.

7. Indira Gandhi – She is the first and to date the only lady Prime Minister of India. She ordered the search of the Golden Temple for arms in Amritsar which resulted in huge controversy amongst the Sikhs. She also helped Bangladesh by deploying Indian soldiers to gain independence from Pakistan.

8. Bachendri Pal – Even though Pal received strong opposition from the family, she never let her dream go ashtray. She enrolled herself in the Nehru Institute of Mountaineering. In 2019 she was awarded the Padma Bhushan by the Government of India.

9. Arundhati Roy – She is a political activist and involved in environmental causes. She won the Man Booker Prize Award for The God Of Small Things in 1997. The book has been criticized for its controversial issues in Kerala.

10. Durga Banerjee – She was the first pilot of the Indian Airlines in 1956. She became a Commander in the F27 turboprop Aircraft and got rated as the Jet Pilot and flew the Boeing 737. Durga Banerjee also flew Airbus 300.

11. Rakesh Sharma – He was a former Indian pilot. He is the only Indian citizen to travel in space. He is an alumnus of the National Defence Academy. When Gandhi had asked him how India looked from space, he replied “Saare Jahan Se Accha” – The best nation. He retired as the wing commander and later joined the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited. He spent 7 days 21 minutes in space.

12. Amartya Sen – He is the author of the book “Argumentative India.” He is a recipient of the Bharat Ratna due to his work in welfare economics. He has made contributions in social justice, public health, the economy of other countries, and many other fields. He received the Nobel Prize in Economics.

13. Meera Fathima Beevi – She is also the first Muslime woman to be appointed to any higher judiciary posts in India. After retiring, she has also served as the Governor of the state of Tamil Nadu. She has also served as a member of the National Human Rights Commission. She topped the Bar exam in 1950.

14. Sania Mirza – A professional Tennis player, she has won 6 Grand Slam titles in her career. From 2003 to 2013, she was ranked by the Women’s Tennis Association as India’s No. 1 player. She is the highest ever female player from India. She is the recipient of the Padma Bhushan, Padma Shri, and Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna as well.

15. Meira Kumar – She is a former diplomat. She is an Indian politician belonging to the Indian National Congress Party. Meira Kumar was the Minister of Water Resources for a short time in 2009. She became the 15th Speaker of the Lok Sabha, and also the first woman to ever hold this post.

List of first in India (Male)

List of first in India (Male)

First Prime Minister of free IndiaPt. Jawaharlal Nehru
First batsman to score a double century in One Day International cricket matchSachin Tendulkar
First man to have climbed Mount Everest twiceNawang Gombu
First President of the Indian RepublicDr. Rajendra Prasad
First Indian PilotJ.R.D. Tata
First Indian to win Nobel PrizeRabindranath Tagore
First President of Indian National CongressW.C. Banerjee
First Muslim President of Indian National CongressBadruddin Tayyabji
First Muslim President of IndiaDr. Zakir Hussain
First British Governor-General of IndiaLord William Bentinck
First British Viceroy of IndiaLord Canning
First Governor-General of free IndiaLord Mountbatten
First and the last Indian Governor-General of free IndiaC. Rajgopalachari
First Man who introduced the printing press in IndiaJames Hicky
First Indian to join the I.C.S.Satyendranath Tagore
First Indian man in spaceRakesh Sharma
First Prime Minister of India who resigned without completing Full-termMorarji Desai
First Indian Commander-in-Chief of IndiaGeneral Cariappa
First Chief of Army StaffGen. Maharaj Rajendra Singhji
First Indian member of the Viceroy’s executive councilS.P. Sinha
First President of India who died while in officeDr. Zakir Hussain
First Prime Minister of India who did not face the ParliamentCharan Singh
First Field Marshal of IndiaS.H.F. Manekshaw
First Indian to get Nobel Prize in PhysicsC.V. Raman
First Indian to receive Bharat Ratna awardDr. Radhakrishnan
First Indian to cross the English ChannelMihir Sen
First-person to receive Jnanpith awardSri Shankar Kurup
First Speaker of the Lok SabhaGanesh Vasudev Mavalankar
First Vice-President of IndiaDr. Radhakrishnan
First Education MinisterAbul Kalam Azad
First Home Minister of IndiaSardar Vallabha Bhai Patel
First Indian Air Chief MarshalS. Mukharji
First Indian Naval ChiefVice-Admiral R.D. Katari
First Judge of the International Court of JusticeDr. Nagendra Singh
First-person to receive Paramveer ChakraMajor Somnath Sharma
First-person to reach Mt. Everest without OxygenSherpa Anga Dorjee
First Chief Election CommissionerSukumar Sen
First-person to receive Magsaysay AwardAcharya Vinoba Bhave
First-person of Indian origin to receive Nobel Prize in MedicineHargovind Khurana
First Chinese Traveller to visit IndiaFa-Hein
First-person to receive Stalin PrizeSaifuddin Kitchlu
First-person to resign from the central cabinetShyama Prasad Mukharji
First Foreigner to receive Bharat RatnaKhan Abdul Gaffar Khan
First-person to receive Nobel Prize in EconomicsAmartya Sen
First Chief Justice of Supreme CourtJustice Hiralal J. Kania
First batsman to score three test century in three successive tests on debutMohd. Azharuddin

List of First in India (female)

List of First in India (female)

First Woman Speaker of Lok SabhaMeira Kumar (2009)
India’s First Woman PresidentPratiba Patil
India’s First Woman Prime MinisterIndira Gandhi
India’s First Woman GovernorSarojini Naidu
India’s First Woman IPS OfficerKiran Bedi
First Woman Chief Minister of StateSucheta Kripalani
First Woman Union MinisterRajkumari Amrita Kaur
First Woman President of INCAnnie Besant
First Woman Judge of Supreme CourtMeera Sahib Fatima Bibi
First Woman to get Ashok ChakraNirja Bhanot
First Indian Woman Ambassador at UNVijaya Lakshmi Pandit
First Indian woman who reached AntarcticaMahel Musa
First Indian Woman to get Nobel PrizeMother Teresa
First Indian Woman to swim across the English ChannelArati Saha
First Indian Woman to climb Mt EverestBachendri Pal
First Indian Woman to become Miss WorldMiss Reita Faria
First Indian Woman to climb Mt Everest twiceSanthosh Yadhav
First Indian Woman to become Miss UniverseSusmita Sen
First Indian Woman to get Bharat RatnaIndira Gandhi
First Indian Woman to get Jnanpith AwardAshapurna Devi
First Indian Woman to win WTA TitleSania Mirza
First Indian Woman Airline PilotDurga Banerjee
First Indian Woman to win Gold in Asian GamesKamaljeet Sandhu
First Indian Woman President of INCSarojini Naidu
First Indian Woman to Booker PrizeArundhati Roy
First Woman Musician to get Bharat RatnaMS Subbalakshmi
First Indian Woman to go to spaceKalpana Chawla


The firsts in any field are always looked up to for inspiration in India. They are the ones who truly set a path for the people – which others can follow. The firsts are the changemakers in society. They inspire the youth which is extremely important. The stress on “first” insignificant fields has always been an area of competition for people. But talented people take the place with ease and honesty.

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