Countries that are India’s Neighbours and their Facts

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India has the third-largest international border in the world. It also serves as the most sensitive border of the world. It varies from the extreme climatic conditions to infiltration. India is located in the northern hemisphere (latitude) and in the easter part (longitude) in the continent of Asia, having the second largest population in the world. 9 countries in total share the international borders with India out of which 7 countries share land borders whereas 2 countries share sea borders. The length of the land border is 15,106.7 km and the coastline border is 7,516.6 km. Let us learn more about these Countries that are India’s Neighbours.

List of neighbouring countries of India

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India’s Neighbouring Countries

1. Afghanistan

The Indian state which shares its border with this country is Ladakh (PoK). The border length is 106 km. The capital of this country is Kabul. The languages spoken here are – Pashto, Dari. The official currency is Afghan Afghani and there are 34 states in this country. The country is dependent on agriculture. The prominent religion is Islam. The country has seen the uprising of the Taliban formed as a political dispute.

Some facts about Afghanistan –

President Ashraf Ghani
Parliament Wolesi Jirga (Lower House) (250 members)
National Game Buzkashi
National Bird Grey Peacock-the Golden eagle
National Fruit Prunus persica
National Tree Afghan Pine
National animal Snow Leopard
Border Durand Line

2. Bangladesh

There are many states which share its border with this country. The states are – West Bengal, Tripura, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Assam. The border length is 4096.7 km. The capital of this country is Dhaka. The official language is Bengali. The currency used here is Bangladeshi taka. There are 8 states in this country. The main industry can be considered as woven textiles, handicrafts, woven carpets, and woolens.

Some facts about Bangladesh –

President Abdul Hamid
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina
Official languages Bengali
National Game Volleyball
National Bird Oriental Magpie-Robin
National Fruit Jackfruit (Kathal)
National Tree Mango Tree
National animal Royal Bengal tiger
Highest peak Keokradong
Longest river Surma
Religion 70.2% Islam, , 12.6% Hinduism
Parliament Jatiyo Sangsad (Bengali) and House of the Nation(English) (350 Member)

3. Bhutan

The states which share the border with this country are – West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, and Assam. The border length is 699 km. The capital of this country is Thimphu. The official language Dzongkha. The country’s currency is Ngultrum and has 20 states in the country.

Some facts about Bhutan –

Name of king Druk Gyalpo (Dragon King)
Monarch Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
Prime Minister Lotay Tshering
Upper house National Council
Official languages Dzongkha
State/ Provinces 20 states
Capital and largest city Thimphu
Currency Ngultrum (BTN)
National Animal Takin
National Bird The Raven
National Game Archery
National Tree Cypress (Tsenden)
National Flower Blue poppy
Religion 77.4% Vajrayana Buddhism, 22.6% Hinduism
Lower house National Assembly (Tshogdu) 55 seats

4. China

The regions which share the border with this country are – Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Arunachal Pradesh, and Sikkim. The border length is 3488 km. The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is the borderline shared by India and China. The capital of China is Beijing. The official language of this country is Mandarin. The currency is the Chinese Yuan. There are 26 states in this country. This country is the most populated country in the world. China is the largest manufacturing hub in the world. The growing economy is rapid.

Some facts about China –

President Xi Jinping
National Game Table Tennis
National Bird Red-crowned crane
National Fruit Kiwi Fruit
National Tree Maidenhair Tree
National Flower Blue water lily
National animal Giant Panda
Longest river Yangtze River
Boundaries Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, and Arunachal Pradesh
Parliament National Assembly (2980 members)
Border McMahon Line

5. Myanmar

The regions which share the Myanmar border are – Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, and Nagaland. The capital of Myanmar is Yangon. During the British Raj, the prisoners were often sent to Rangoon to serve their prison sentences. The border length is – 1643 km. The official language is Burmese. The currency is Burmese Kyat. The country is governed by the presidential republic by a bicameral legislature. India is Myanmar’s fourth-largest export market.

Some facts about Myanmar –

President Win Myint
Prime Minister Aung San Suu Kyi
National anthem Kaba Ma Kyei
Official languages Burmese
National animal Tiger
National Game Caneball
National Bird Grey Peacock-Pheasant
National Fruit Padauk
National Tree Green Peafowl
Parliament The House of Representatives (440 seats)
Highest peak Hkakabo Razi
Longest river Irrawaddy River
Famous festivals Thingyan, Kasone, Nayon

6. Nepal

The regions which share the Nepal-India border are – West Bengal, Sikkim, Bihar, Uttarakhand, and Uttar Pradesh. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu. The border length is 1751 km. The official language is Nepali. The currency is Nepalese Rupee. There are 7 states in Nepal. Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world is situated in the country. Along with this, 8 of the tallest mountain peaks out of 10 are situated in the country.

Some facts about Nepal –

President Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli
Official languages Nepali
State/ Provinces 7 Provinces
Capital and largest city Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Currency Nepalese rupee
National Game Volleyball
National Bird Himalayan monal (Lophophorus impejanus)
National Animal Cow
National Tree Ficus religiosa
National Flower Rhododendron
Highest peak Mount Everest
Longest river Karnali
Parliament The National Assembly (275 seats)

7. Pakistan

The regions which share the Indo-Pak border are – Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan Gujarat, and Ladakh. The border length is 3323 km. The capital of this country is Islamabad. The official language spoken here is Urdu. There are 4 states in this country. The Line of Control (LoC) is shared between Pakistan and India. Pakistan was initially a part of India but separated on 14th January 1947. Pakistan and India have alarming issues relating to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Kargil war of 1991 was caused by Pakistan and India.

Facts about Pakistan –

President Arif Alvi
Prime Minister Imran Khan
Official languages Urdu, English
State/ Provinces 4 Provinces
Capital Islamabad
Currency Pakistani Rupee
National Game Field Hockey
National Bird Chukar partridge
National Fruit Mango(Summer), Guava (Winter)
National Tree Deodar
National Anthem Qaumi Taranah
Highest peak K2
Longest river Indus River
Religion Islam
Parliament National Assembly (342 seats)

8. Sri Lanka

The country shares a sea-line border with India. It is separated by the Gulf of Mannar. The capital of this country is Colombo. The official language spoken here is Sinhala and Tamil. The official currency is Sri Lankan Rupee. There are 9 states in this country. The country is spread over 65,000 sq. km. The country had a controversial LTTE group which was responsible for assassinating Rajiv Gandhi (former Prime Minister of India). However, diplomatic relations have taken a good path now.

Facts about Sri Lanka –

President Gotabaya Rajapaksa
Prime Minister Mahindra Rajapaksa
Chief Justice Jayantha Jayasuriya
National Game Volleyball
National Bird Ceylon (Jungle Fowl)
National Fruit Jackfruit
National Tree Ironwood
National Flower Blue water lily
Highest peak Pidurutalagala
Longest river Mahaweli
Religion 70.2% Buddhism, 12.6% Hinduism
Parliament Parliamenthua (225 seats)
Famous festivals Sinhala and Tamil New Year, Vesak, Poson Festival, Kandy Esala Perahera, Kataragama Festival, Vel Festival, Deepavali

9. Maldives

This country also shares a sea-line border with India. It lies in the South-West part of the Indian Ocean below the Lakshadweep Island. The capital of this country is Male. The official language is Dhivehi. The currency is Maldivian Rufiyaa. The predominant religion in the Maldives is Islam. It is one of many coral island countries situated in the Indian Ocean-Arabian Sea area.

Facts about Maldives –

President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih
Parliament People’s Majlis
Official languages Dhivehi
State/ Provinces 1 Only
Capital and largest city Male
Currency Maldivian Rufiyaa
National Game Football
National Bird White-breasted Waterhen
National Fruit Coconut
National Tree Coconut Tree
National animal Yellowfin Tuna


The neighboring countries of a nation are extremely important due to its trade, diplomatic relations, and harmony. The diplomatic relations are to be maintained for harmony and creating a safe space for the citizens. China and Pakistan have often been at war with India. Steps have been taken to terminate any possibility of a further mishap of peace.

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