Countries that are India’s Neighbours and their Facts

Are you ready for UPSC Exam? Check your preparation with Free UPSC Mock Test

India has the third-largest international border in the world. It also serves as the most sensitive border of the world. It varies from the extreme climatic conditions to infiltration. India is located in the northern hemisphere (latitude) and in the easter part (longitude) in the continent of Asia, having the second largest population in the world. 9 countries in total share the international borders with India out of which 7 countries share land borders whereas 2 countries share sea borders. The length of the land border is 15,106.7 km and the coastline border is 7,516.6 km. Let us learn more about these Countries that are India’s Neighbours.

List of neighbouring countries of India

Do you want to crack UPSC in first attempt? Join UPSC Telegram Channel

India’s Neighbouring Countries

1. Afghanistan

The Indian state which shares its border with this country is Ladakh (PoK). The border length is 106 km. The capital of this country is Kabul. The languages spoken here are – Pashto, Dari. The official currency is Afghan Afghani and there are 34 states in this country. The country is dependent on agriculture. The prominent religion is Islam. The country has seen the uprising of the Taliban formed as a political dispute.

Some facts about Afghanistan –

President Ashraf Ghani
ParliamentWolesi Jirga (Lower House) (250 members)
National GameBuzkashi
National BirdGrey Peacock-the Golden eagle
National FruitPrunus persica
National TreeAfghan Pine
National animalSnow Leopard
BorderDurand Line

2. Bangladesh

There are many states which share its border with this country. The states are – West Bengal, Tripura, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Assam. The border length is 4096.7 km. The capital of this country is Dhaka. The official language is Bengali. The currency used here is Bangladeshi taka. There are 8 states in this country. The main industry can be considered as woven textiles, handicrafts, woven carpets, and woolens.

Some facts about Bangladesh –

PresidentAbdul Hamid
Prime MinisterSheikh Hasina
Official languagesBengali
National GameVolleyball
National BirdOriental Magpie-Robin
National FruitJackfruit (Kathal)
National TreeMango Tree
National animalRoyal Bengal tiger
Highest peakKeokradong
Longest riverSurma
Religion70.2% Islam, , 12.6% Hinduism
ParliamentJatiyo Sangsad (Bengali) and House of the Nation(English) (350 Member)

3. Bhutan

The states which share the border with this country are – West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, and Assam. The border length is 699 km. The capital of this country is Thimphu. The official language Dzongkha. The country’s currency is Ngultrum and has 20 states in the country.

Some facts about Bhutan –

Name of kingDruk Gyalpo (Dragon King)
Monarch Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
Prime MinisterLotay Tshering
Upper houseNational Council
Official languagesDzongkha
State/ Provinces20 states
Capital and largest cityThimphu
CurrencyNgultrum (BTN)
National AnimalTakin
National Bird The Raven
National GameArchery
National TreeCypress (Tsenden)
National FlowerBlue poppy
Religion 77.4% Vajrayana Buddhism, 22.6% Hinduism
Lower houseNational Assembly (Tshogdu) 55 seats

4. China

The regions which share the border with this country are – Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Arunachal Pradesh, and Sikkim. The border length is 3488 km. The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is the borderline shared by India and China. The capital of China is Beijing. The official language of this country is Mandarin. The currency is the Chinese Yuan. There are 26 states in this country. This country is the most populated country in the world. China is the largest manufacturing hub in the world. The growing economy is rapid.

Some facts about China –

President Xi Jinping
National GameTable Tennis
National BirdRed-crowned crane
National FruitKiwi Fruit
National TreeMaidenhair Tree
National FlowerBlue water lily
National animalGiant Panda
Longest riverYangtze River
BoundariesJammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, and Arunachal Pradesh
ParliamentNational Assembly (2980 members)
BorderMcMahon Line

5. Myanmar

The regions which share the Myanmar border are – Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, and Nagaland. The capital of Myanmar is Yangon. During the British Raj, the prisoners were often sent to Rangoon to serve their prison sentences. The border length is – 1643 km. The official language is Burmese. The currency is Burmese Kyat. The country is governed by the presidential republic by a bicameral legislature. India is Myanmar’s fourth-largest export market.

Some facts about Myanmar –

PresidentWin Myint
Prime MinisterAung San Suu Kyi
National anthemKaba Ma Kyei
Official languagesBurmese
National animalTiger
National GameCaneball
National BirdGrey Peacock-Pheasant
National FruitPadauk
National TreeGreen Peafowl
ParliamentThe House of Representatives (440 seats)
Highest peakHkakabo Razi
Longest riverIrrawaddy River
Famous festivalsThingyan, Kasone, Nayon

6. Nepal

The regions which share the Nepal-India border are – West Bengal, Sikkim, Bihar, Uttarakhand, and Uttar Pradesh. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu. The border length is 1751 km. The official language is Nepali. The currency is Nepalese Rupee. There are 7 states in Nepal. Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world is situated in the country. Along with this, 8 of the tallest mountain peaks out of 10 are situated in the country.

Some facts about Nepal –

PresidentBidhya Devi Bhandari
Prime MinisterKP Sharma Oli
Official languagesNepali
State/ Provinces7 Provinces
Capital and largest citySri Jayawardenepura Kotte
CurrencyNepalese rupee
National GameVolleyball
National BirdHimalayan monal (Lophophorus impejanus)
National AnimalCow
National TreeFicus religiosa
National FlowerRhododendron
Highest peakMount Everest
Longest riverKarnali
ParliamentThe National Assembly (275 seats)

7. Pakistan

The regions which share the Indo-Pak border are – Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan Gujarat, and Ladakh. The border length is 3323 km. The capital of this country is Islamabad. The official language spoken here is Urdu. There are 4 states in this country. The Line of Control (LoC) is shared between Pakistan and India. Pakistan was initially a part of India but separated on 14th January 1947. Pakistan and India have alarming issues relating to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Kargil war of 1991 was caused by Pakistan and India.

Facts about Pakistan –

PresidentArif Alvi
Prime MinisterImran Khan
Official languagesUrdu, English
State/ Provinces4 Provinces
CapitalIslamabad
CurrencyPakistani Rupee
National GameField Hockey
National BirdChukar partridge
National FruitMango(Summer), Guava (Winter)
National TreeDeodar
National AnthemQaumi Taranah
Highest peakK2
Longest riverIndus River
ReligionIslam
ParliamentNational Assembly (342 seats)

8. Sri Lanka

The country shares a sea-line border with India. It is separated by the Gulf of Mannar. The capital of this country is Colombo. The official language spoken here is Sinhala and Tamil. The official currency is Sri Lankan Rupee. There are 9 states in this country. The country is spread over 65,000 sq. km. The country had a controversial LTTE group which was responsible for assassinating Rajiv Gandhi (former Prime Minister of India). However, diplomatic relations have taken a good path now.

Facts about Sri Lanka –

PresidentGotabaya Rajapaksa
Prime MinisterMahindra Rajapaksa
Chief JusticeJayantha Jayasuriya
National GameVolleyball
National BirdCeylon (Jungle Fowl)
National FruitJackfruit
National TreeIronwood
National FlowerBlue water lily
Highest peakPidurutalagala
Longest riverMahaweli
Religion70.2% Buddhism, 12.6% Hinduism
ParliamentParliamenthua (225 seats)
Famous festivalsSinhala and Tamil New Year, Vesak, Poson Festival, Kandy Esala Perahera, Kataragama Festival, Vel Festival, Deepavali

9. Maldives

This country also shares a sea-line border with India. It lies in the South-West part of the Indian Ocean below the Lakshadweep Island. The capital of this country is Male. The official language is Dhivehi. The currency is Maldivian Rufiyaa. The predominant religion in the Maldives is Islam. It is one of many coral island countries situated in the Indian Ocean-Arabian Sea area.

Facts about Maldives –

PresidentIbrahim Mohamed Solih
ParliamentPeople’s Majlis
Official languagesDhivehi
State/ Provinces1 Only
Capital and largest cityMale
CurrencyMaldivian Rufiyaa
National GameFootball
National BirdWhite-breasted Waterhen
National FruitCoconut
National TreeCoconut Tree
National animalYellowfin Tuna

Conclusion

The neighboring countries of a nation are extremely important due to its trade, diplomatic relations, and harmony. The diplomatic relations are to be maintained for harmony and creating a safe space for the citizens. China and Pakistan have often been at war with India. Steps have been taken to terminate any possibility of a further mishap of peace.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.