How Can We Use Scala Throw Keyword – Scala Exception

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In this tutorial, we will talk about the Scala Throw Keyword. So, in this Scala Throw keyword Tutorial, we are going to see how can we Throw Custom Exception in Scala Programming Language. Moreover, we will discuss Catching Exceptions in Scala.

Let’s begin Sacla Throw Keyword.

How Can We Use Scala Throw Keyword - Scala Exception

How Can We Use Scala Throw Keyword – Scala Exception

How Can We Throw Custom Exceptions in Scala?

Scala lets you create your own custom exceptions using the Scala Throw Keyword. With this, you can explicitly throw an exception in your code.
Let’s Get a Clear Information About Scala Exceptions and Exception Handling
Let’s take a simple example.

scala> def person(age:Int){
| if(age!=15)
| throw new Exception("Wait a little")
| else println("Enjoy your quinceanera")
| }
person: (age: Int)Unit
scala> person(15)

Enjoy your quinceanera

scala> person(14)

java.lang.Exception: Wait a little

at .person(<console>:13)
... 28 elided

Scala Throw Keyword

Now, when we know a method can throw an exception, we may want to tell Scala. We use the Scala throws keyword for this, but we can also place the @throws annotation right before a method.

override def play{
//exception-throwing code

But a method may throw more than one code. To mention all of these, we use multiple annotations in Scala.

def playSoundFileWithJavaAudio{
//exception-throwing code

@throws is also a way to provide the method signature for ‘throws’ to those who work with Java Programming Language. Java would have the following code for this:

public void play() throws FooException{

Do you Know 2 Popular Types of Constructors in Scala

More On Throw Keyword in Scala

Talking about checked exceptions, Scala doesn’t need methods to declare that they can throw exceptions. In Scala, all exceptions are RuntimeExceptions, and it is the developer who must decide when to handle them. It doesn’t force us to handle these exceptions.

scala> def demo{
| throw new Exception
| }

demo: Unit
We don’t even need to call these methods to catch the exceptions.

scala> demo
at .demo(<console>:12)
... 28 elided

But we must test for them if we want our code to work fine:

scala> object Demo extends App{
| def demo{
| throw new Exception}
| println("After demo")
| demo
| //Code never executed
| println("After demo")
| }

defined object Demo
Read about Scala Regular Expressions – Replacing Matches

Catching Exceptions in Scala

In the following example, we throw an exception and then have a wildcard pattern case catch it. This pattern catches any exception of the kind throwable.

scala> try{
| throw new Exception("Failed")
| } catch{
| //catching all Throwable exceptions
| case _:Throwable=>println("An exception occurred")
| }

An exception occurred

Example- Exceptions With Pattern Matching

Let’s take another example. Here, we combine pattern-matching with exception handling. This is a bit like the previous example.

scala> import
scala> import
scala> import
scala> try{
| val url=new URL("")
| }catch{
| case e:MalformedURLException=>println("Bad URL "+e)
| case e:IOException=>println("An IO issue "+e)
| case _:Throwable=>println("Something else")
| }finally{
| //cleanup
| }

Let’s Explore Scala Singleton & Scala Companion Object
So, this was all about Scala Throw Keyword. Hope you like our explanation.


Hence, in this Scala Throw tutorial, we have seen how we can throw custom exceptions in Scala. Drop your queries in the comments.
Related Topic-  How to Implement Scala Abstract Class with Examples
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