NCERT Indian Polity Notes for UPSC – Polity Notes for IAS Preparation

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Polity refers to an organized society, state, or government. When we speak about Indian Polity, it largely focuses on the Constitution of India. The Indian Constitution is the framework that India follows to practice democracy.

The UPSC Examinations have the subject Indian Polity in the prelims, mains, and Political Science as an optional subject too.

The Prelims will have comparatively basic Political questions like – fundamental rights, DPSP, and more while the optional will have very detailed questions about Indian and Global Polity. Let’s take a look at the important Indian Polity topics and Indian Polity Notes for the UPSC Exam.

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Important Indian Polity Notes for UPSC


NCERT Notes on Indian Polity for UPSC

1Constitution of India – History, Features, and Commissions
2Sources of Indian Constitution – Features Borrowed
3Preamble to the Constitution of India / Preamble of India
4Fundamental Rights and Duties in the Indian Constitution
5Directive Principles of State Policy in the Indian Constitution
6Union Executives of India
7Citizenship in India Articles / Citizenship Amendment Act
8Functions of Parliament of India
9Functions of Judiciary of India – Supreme Court, High Court, and District Court
10State Executive – Governor, Chief Minister, and Council of Ministers
11State Legislature – Powers and Functions of Legislative Council
12Article 371 of Indian Constitution – Special Provisions for States
13Emergency Provisions in The Indian Constitution
14State-wise List of Indian Governors
15Indian Cabinet Ministers and Their Constituencies
16Prime Ministers of India from 1947 – 2019
17Presidents of India from 1947-2020 with Tenure
18List of Vice Presidents of India and Their Term of Office
19List of Chief Justice of India – 1950 – 2020
20Constitutional Bodies in India and their Functions
21Local Government – Municipality and Panchayati Raj System in India

Dataflair UPSC Indian Polity Quizzes

These are some of the important Indian Polity topics for the UPSC Exams. The Indian Polity is primarily built on the Indian Constitution. It is important to know everything about it before entering the Public Service field.

In order to do that, you must practice more by solving mock papers and quizzes before appearing for the UPSC Exam. Dataflair is offering free UPSC Mock Test Papers and UPSC Quizzes for everyone. Here’s a list of UPSC Indian Polity Quizzes to strengthen your UPSC preparation.

UPSC Indian Polity Quiz

1UPSC Indian Polity Quiz 1 – Indian Constitution 
2UPSC Indian Polity Quiz 2 – Indian Constitution 
3UPSC Indian Polity Quiz 3 – Fundamental Rights, DPSP and, Union Executives 
4UPSC Indian Polity Quiz 4 – Fundamental Rights, DPSP and, Union Executives 
5UPSC Indian Polity Quiz 5 – Judiciary, State Government, and Parliament of India
5UPSC Indian Polity Quiz 6 – Constitution of India
5UPSC Indian Polity Quiz 7 – Constitution of India
5UPSC Indian Polity Quiz 8 – Government of India
5UPSC Indian Polity Quiz 9 – Emergency provisions, State legislature, and Administration of India
5UPSC Indian Polity Quiz 10 – Constitution of India

How to Prepare for Indian Polity for UPSC Exam

  • Start from the basics of Polity. The main idea is to understand the Indian Constitution in order to answer questions related to that. You should begin with what it is and what it stands for. Then you dive into its history and sources.
  • Indian Constitution has 448 articles as of now which are divided into different parts. You should begin the fundamental rights than duties and lastly the DPSPs. These three consist of the most important articles in the constitution.
  • After finishing the basics mentioned above, you get into details. Preamble, Citizenship bills, state policies, the executives, emergency provision, and more are some next important topics in this subject. They are a bit complex and you must know the basics before studying them.
  • Lastly, read everything thoroughly. Don’t take this subject lightly. Give it sufficient time and effort to improve your score. Read all the topics in the syllabus and don’t take a risk of leaving them. It is comparatively easy to understand if you work hard enough.


This article particularly focused on the UPSC Indian Polity. This article will help you cover some of the most important Indian Polity / Constitution topics starting from what is a constitution and ending with constituents of the Indian Constitution.

We have also added some Dataflair UPSC Indian Polity Quiz links to help you with your UPSC Preparation. Do solve them to improve your final score with better efficiency. And to make your UPSC preparation an effective process, follow our Indian Polity UPSC Strategy for sure.

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