HBase Pros and Cons | Problems with HBase


1. HBase Pros and Cons

In our last HBase tutorial, we discussed HBase architecture. Today, we will discuss disadvantages & advantages of HBase. It offers many other benefits that are not there in RDBMS but also some disadvantages and problems which make its use minimum. So, in this article, we will learn all HBase Pros and Cons with its Problems.

so, let’s start HBase Pros and Cons.

HBase Pros and Cons

HBase Pros and Cons | Problems with HBase

2. Pros of HBase

Here, we are listing all Advantages of HBase:

HBase Pros and Cons

Advantages of HBase

  • Large data sets

HBase can handle as well as stores large datasets on top of HDFS file storage. Moreover, it aggregates and analyzes billions of rows present in the HBase tables.

  • Databases breakdown

There is a time when relational databases breakdown, then HBase shine in the picture.

  • Fast processing

As compared to traditional dataBase, data reading and processing in HBase will take the small amount of time.

  • Failover support and load sharing

HBase is automatically recovered because HDFS is internally distributed and automatically recovered and HBase runs on top of HDFS. Also, we have this failover facility, using RegionServer replication.

  • Scalability

Scalability is supported in both linear and modular form, in HBase. 

  • Schema-less

There is no concept of fixed columns schema in HBase because it is schema-less. Hence, it defines only column families.

  • Easy to use Java API for client access

Moreover, for programmatic access, HBase offers easy usage Java API.

  • Consistency

For high-speed requirements, we can use it since it offers consistent reads and writes.

3. Cons of HBase

Here, we are listing all limitations of HBase:

Pros and Cons of HBase

Disadvantages of HBase

  • Single point of failure

At the time when only one HMaster is used, there is a possibility of failure.

  • No transaction support

In HBase, there is no support for the transaction.

  • No handling of JOINS in database

Instead of the database itself, JOINs are handled in MapReduce layer.

  • Sorted only on key

As RDBMS can be indexed on some arbitrary field, HBase is indexed and sorted only on key.

  • Built-in authentication

There is no permissions or built-in authentication.

  • Not a perfect replacement

Since HBase does not support some of the traditional model’s features, we cannot expect completely to use HBase as a replacement for traditional models.

  • No support SQL structure

As there is no support for SQL structure,  it cannot contain any query optimizer.

  • Unpredictable latencies

While we integrate  HBase with Map-reduce jobs, it will result in unpredictable latencies.

  • Memory issues on the cluster

In some time memory issues on the cluster, HBase is integrated with Pig and Hive jobs results.

4. Problems with HBase

Apart from HBase Pros and Cons, there are some issues, such as:

  • It is not possible to implement any cross data operations and joining operations, in HBase.
  • When we want to migrate data from RDBMS external sources to HBase servers, HBase would require a new design. 
  • HBase is really tough for querying. 

To access the data from HBase, there are slow improvements in the security for the different users.

  • There is no support for partial keys completely in HBase.
  • It permits only one default sort per table.
  • To store the large size of binary files in HBase is very difficult.
  • HBase’s storage will limit real-time queries as well as sorting.
  • In HBase, default indexing is not present. That means, to perform indexing functionality in HBase, programmers have to define several lines of code or script.
  • In terms of Hardware requirements and memory blocks allocations, it is expensive, such as: 
  1. For distributed cluster environments, it is important that more servers should be installed.
  2. Also, it requires high memory machines, performance wise.
  3. It also has higher costing and maintenance.

So, this was all about HBase Pros and Cons. Hope you like this.

5. Conclusion: Pros and Cons of HBase

Hence, we have seen the best features which make HBase so popular. Moreover, we discussed major HBase pros and cons with its problem. However, to learn more about HBase, Keep visiting Dataflair.

Related article – HBase use cases and applications

For reference