HBase MapReduce Integration | MapReduce Over HBase

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HBase integration with Hadoop’s MapReduce framework is one of the great features of HBase. So, to learn about it completely, here we are discussing HBase MapReduce Integration in detail.

Moreover, we will see classes, input format, mapper, reducer. Also, we will learn MapReduce over HBase in detail, to understand HBase MapReduce well.

So, let’s start HBase MapReduce Integration.

What is MapReduce?

In order to solve the problem of processing in excess of terabytes of data in a scalable way, MapReduce process was designed.

However, to build such a system that increases in performance linearly with the number of physical machines added, there should be a proper way. Basically, this is what the main purpose of MapReduce.

Moreover, by splitting the data located on a distributed file system, it follows a divide-and-conquer approach. Hence, the servers which are available can access these chunks of data and also can process them as fast as they can.

However, we will have to consolidate the data at the end with this approach. So, MapReduce has this built right into it, again.

MapReduce Introduction

MapReduce Integration

4 Classes in MapReduce

HBase - MapReduce Integration

Classes in MapReduce Integration

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Here in the above MapReduce process figure, all the classes which are involved in the Hadoop implementation of MapReduce, is shown, let’s learn them in detail:

i. InputFormat

MapReduce Introduction

InputFormat in HBase MapReduce Integration

At very first, InputFormat splits the input data and further returns a RecordReader instance which defines the classes of the key and value objects. Also, it helps to iterate over each input record, with the help of next() method.

ii. Mapper

Now, by using the map() method, each record read using the RecordReader is processed, in this step.

MapReduce Introduction

HBase MapReduce Integration Mapper

iii. Reducer

This stage is as same as Mapper stage. Here we use to process the output of a Mapper class after shuffling and sorting of data.

MapReduce Introduction

Reducer in HBase MapReduce Integration

iv. OutputFormat

Finally, OutputFormat class hold the data in various locations. Here are some specific implementations which allow output to files, or in the case of the TableOutputFormat class to HBase tables. Moreover, to write the data into the specific HBase output table, it uses a TableRecord Writer.

MapReduce Introduction

HBase MapReduce OutputFormat Hierarchy

Supporting Classes in MapReduce Integration

Now, in setting up MapReduce jobs over HBase, the MapReduce support comes with the TableMapReduceUtil class. There are some static methods which help to configure a job, hence we can run it with HBase as the source and/or the target.

MapReduce Over HBase

a. Preparation

In order to run a MapReduce job which needs classes from libraries, we’ll need to make such libraries available before the execution of job only. Although, we have two choices, such as:

  • Static preparation of all task nodes.
  • Supplying everything needed for the job.

i. Static Provisioning

Here, it is very useful to install the JAR file(s) of that library (which is used often) locally on the task tracker machines. Tracked machines are those machines which run the MapReduce tasks. It is possible by following steps:

  • At very first, make the copy of the JAR files into a common location on all nodes.
  • Further, with full location into the hadoop-env.sh configuration file, into the HADOOP_CLASSPATH variable, add the JAR files:
# Extra Java CLASSPATH elements. Optional.
# export HADOOP_CLASSPATH="<extra_entries>:$HADOOP_CLASSPATH"
  • Afterward, to make the changes effective, restart all task trackers.

As its name, we can say this technique is quite static, although make sure every update here needs a restart of the task tracker daemons.

ii. Dynamic Provisioning

Basically, we use dynamic provisioning approach, while we need to provide different libraries to each job we want to run, or also if we want to update the library versions along with your job classes.

b. Data Source and Sink

An HBase table can be the source or target of a MapReduce job, or also we can use it as both input and output or we can say, for the input and output types, the third kind of MapReduce template uses a table.

In addition, it also includes setting the TableInputFormat and TableOutputFormat classes into the respective fields of the job configuration.

So, this was all about HBase MapReduce Integration. Hope you like our explanation.

Conclusion: HBase MapReduce Integration

Hence, we have learned all about, HBase MapReduce Integration. We saw the meaning of MapReduce, its classes. Moreover, we saw supporting classes in HBase MapReduce Integration. However, if any doubt occurs regarding integration in HBase MapReduce, feel free to ask in the comment section.

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1 Response

  1. John Sword says:

    Does HBase internally use MapReduce?

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