Census of India 2011 – Key Facts and Data

India has been conducting a sincere statistical census since the year 1882. The ministerial workforce provides a quality census on population and house listing every ten years. The Information of National Population Register includes these census reports necessary for proper storage and analysis.

Since 1951, all censuses have been conducted under the Government of India Act 1948. The responsibility of drafting the census lies with the General Registrar and the Census Commissioner of India under the Ministry of Home Affairs.

The year 2011 witnessed the first biometric census in India. In fact, the 2011 census is the recent census of India (the next will be conducted in the year 2021). 2011 features the 15th census report of the country.

This article discusses the different parameters of the recent Indian census and furnishes an authentic tabulation of this data.

Census of India 2011

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Census Report

PopulationTotal1,210,854,977
Males623,724,568
Females586,469,294
LiteracyTotal74%
Males82.10%
Females65.46%
Density of populationper km2382
Sex ratioper 1000 males940 females
Child sex ratio (0–6 age group)per 1000 males914 females

State/ Union Territories Wise Census Report

S.No.State/Union TerritoriesMalesFemalesTotal
1Andaman & Nicobar Islands2,02,3301,77,6143,79,944
2Andhra Pradesh4,25,09,8814,21,55,6528,46,65,533
3Arunachal Pradesh7,20,2326,62,37913,82,611
4Assam1,59,54,9271,52,14,3453,11,69,272
5Bihar5,41,85,3474,96,19,29010,38,04,637
6Chandigarh5,80,2824,74,40410,54,686
7Chhattisgarh1,28,27,9151,27,12,2812,55,40,196
8Dadra & Nagar Haveli1,93,1781,49,6753,42,853
9Daman & Diu1,50,10092,8112,42,911
10Goa7,40,7117,17,01214,57,723
11Gujarat3,14,82,2822,89,01,3466,03,83,628
12Haryana1,35,05,1301,18,47,9512,53,53,081
13Himachal Pradesh34,73,89233,82,61768,56,509
14Jammu & Kashmir66,65,56158,83,3651,25,48,926
15Jharkhand1,69,31,6881,60,34,5503,29,66,238
16Karnataka3,10,57,7423,00,72,9626,11,30,704
17Kerala1,60,21,2901,73,66,3873,33,87,677
18Lakshadweep33,10631,32364,429
19Madhya Pradesh3,76,12,9203,49,84,6457,25,97,565
20Maharashtra5,83,61,3975,40,11,57511,23,72,972
21Manipur13,69,76413,51,99227,21,756
22Meghalaya14,92,66814,71,33929,64,007
23Mizoram5,52,3395,38,67510,91,014
24Nagaland10,25,7079,54,89519,80,602
25NCT of Delhi89,76,41077,76,8251,67,53,235
26Orissa2,12,01,6782,07,45,6804,19,47,358
27Puducherry6,10,4856,33,97912,44,464
28Punjab1,46,34,8191,30,69,4172,77,04,236
29Rajasthan3,56,20,0863,30,00,9266,86,21,012
30Sikkim3,21,6612,86,0276,07,688
31Tamil Nadu3,61,58,8713,59,80,0877,21,38,958
32Tripura18,71,86717,99,16536,71,032
33Uttar Pradesh10,45,96,4159,49,85,06219,95,81,477
34Uttarakhand51,54,17849,62,5741,01,16,752
35West Bengal4,69,27,3894,44,20,3479,13,47,736
  • Moreover, the Sex Ratio of India is 108.176, i.e., 108.176 males per 100 females in 2020.
  • In rural areas, there are 949 females to 1000 men, while in urban areas there are 929 females to 1000 males.
  • Rural India has 21,813,264 more males and urban India has 13,872,275 more males than females.
  • As of 2020, India has more males than females until the 64-69 age group and there are 10 more males per 100 females until the 34-69 age group.
  • Above 25-29 age, the female population keeps improving and there are almost double the number of women than men above 100 years.
  • Kerala has the highest sex ratio of 1084 females to 1000 males
  • Haryana has the lowest sex ratio of 879 females per 1000 males.
  • Among union territories, Puducherry has the highest sex ratio of 1037 and Daman & Diu has the lowest sex ratio of 618.

State/Union Territories Wise Population Density Census Report

STATESPopulation DensityPeople per square km 
Andhra Pradesh 277308
Arunachal Pradesh1317
Assam340397
Bihar8811,102
Chhattisgarh154189
Goa364394
Gujarat258308
Haryana478573
Himachal Pradesh109123
Jammu & Kashmir100124
Jharkhand338414
Karnataka276319
Kerala819859
Madhya Pradesh196236
Maharashtra315365
Manipur97122
Meghalaya103132
Mizoram4252
Nagaland120119
Odisha236269
Punjab484550
Rajasthan165201
Sikkim7686
Tamil Nadu480555
Tripura305350
Uttar Pradesh690828
Uttarakhand159189
West Bengal9031,029
UNION TERRITORIES  
Andaman & Nicobar Islands4346
Chandigarh7,9009,252
Dadra & Nagar Haveli449698
Daman & Diu1,4132,169
Delhi9,34011,297
Lakshadweep1,8952,013
Puducherry2,0342,598

Language Census Report

LanguagePercentage of Total Speakers 
Bengali8.90
English10.60
Gujarati5.00
Hindi57.10
Kannada4.94
Malayalam3.28
Marathi8.20
Odia3.56
Punjabi3.56
Sanskrit0.49
Tamil6.30
Telugu7.80
Urdu5.20
  • Hindi is the most widely spoken language in northern and western parts of India. The Indian census takes the widest possible definition of “Hindi” as a broad variety of “Hindi languages”.
  • According to the 2011 Census, 57.1% of the Indian population knows Hindi, in which 43.63% of Indian people have declared Hindi as their native language or mother tongue.
  • The language data was released on 26 June 2018.
  • Bhili was the most spoken unscheduled language with 10.4 million speakers, followed by Gondi with 2.9 million speakers.
  • 96.71% of India’s population speaks one of the 22 scheduled languages as their mother tongue in the 2011 census.

Religions Census Report

Religious groupPopulation % 2011
Adivasi0.9%
Buddhism0.70%
Christianity2.30%
Hinduism79.80%
Islam14.23%
Jainism0.37%
Sikhism1.72%
Zoroastrianismn/a
  • Hindu Population Growth rate slowed down to 16.76 % from the previous decade figure of 19.92% while Muslims witness a sharp fall in growth rate to 24.60% (2001-2011) from the previous figure of 29.52 % (1991-2001).
  • Such a sharp fall in population growth rate for Muslims didn’t happen in the last 6 decades. Christian Population growth was at 15.5% while the Sikh population growth rate stood at 8.4%.
  • The most educated and wealthy community of Jains registered the least growth rate in 2001-2011 with a figure of just 5.4%.
  • The Growth rate of Hindus, Muslims, and Christian is expected to fall more in the upcoming 2021 census while other religions like Sikhism, Jainism, and Buddhism are expected to remain stable for the next 2 decades considering the already slowed down growth rate of these religions.

Literacy Census Report

YearTotal Population (in %)Males (in %)Females (in %)Gap in Literacy (in %)
201174.082.165.516.6
  • Anyone above age 7 who can read and write in any language with an ability to understand was considered literate.
  • The literacy rate taking the entire population into account is termed as “the crude literacy rate”, and taking the population from age 7 and above into account is termed as “the effective literacy rate”.
  • Effective literacy rate increased to a total of 74.04% with 82.14% of the males and 65.46% of the females being literate

State/Union Territories Wise Literacy Census Report

S.N.State/ Union TerritoryLiteracy Rate in % (Person)Male Literacy Rate in %Female Literacy Rate in %
1.Kerala94.096.192.1
2.Lakshadweep91.895.687.9
3.Mizoram91.393.389.3
4.Goa88.792.684.7
5.Tripura87.291.582.7
6.Daman & Diu87.191.579.5
7.Andaman & Nicobar Island86.690.382.4
8.NCT of Delhi86.290.980.8
9.Chandigarh86.090.081.2
10.Puducherry85.891.380.7
11.Himachal Pradesh82.889.575.9
12.Maharashtra82.388.475.9
13.Sikkim81.486.675.6
14.Tamil Nadu80.186.873.4
15.Nagaland79.682.876.1
16.Manipur79.286.172.4
17.Uttrakhand78.887.470.0
18.Gujarat78.085.869.7
19.West Bengal76.381.770.5
20.Dadra & Nagar Haveli76.285.264.3
21.Punjab75.880.470.7
22.Haryana75.684.165.9
23.Karnataka75.482.568.1
24.Meghalaya74.476.072.9
25.Odisha72.981.664.0
26.Assam72.277.866.3
27.Chhattisgarh70.380.360.2
28.Madhya Pradesh69.378.759.2
29.Uttar Pradesh67.777.357.2
30.Jammu & Kashmir67.276.856.4
31.Andhra Pradesh67.074.959.1
32.Jharkhand66.476.855.4
33.Rajasthan66.179.252.1
34.Arunachal Pradesh65.472.657.7
35.Bihar61.871.251.6
  • India’s literacy rate is 74.04%. Kerala is the most literate state in India, with 93.91% literacy.
  • Bihar is the least literate state in India, with a literacy of 63.82%.

State Wise Child Sex-Ratio Census Report (From 2001-2011)

RankIndia/State/ Union TerritoryCSR 2001CSR 2011Variation
 India927914-13
Pop 10 M +
1.Haryana819830+11
2.Punjab798846+48
3.Jammu & Kashmir941859-82
4.NCT of Delhi UT868866-2
5.Maharashtra913883-30
6.Rajasthan909883-26
7.Gujarat883886+3
8.Uttarakhand908886-22
9.Uttar Pradesh916899-17
10.Madhya Pradesh932912-20
11.Bihar942933-9
12.Odisha953934-19
13.Andhra Pradesh961943-18
14.Karnataka946943-3
15.Jharkhand965943-22
16.Tamil Nadu942946+4
17.West Bengal960950-10
18.Assam965957-8
19.Kerala960959-1
20.Chhattisgarh975964-11

Conclusion

Altogether, the recent census (2011) provides a detailed and well elaborate analysis of different parameters. This article covers factors such as population, region, literacy, language, demography, etc. to enlighten on the fundamental concepts of the Indian census.

As a dutiful citizen of the country, one should maintain law and order by providing authentic details to their volunteers assigned for the deadly data collection. One must be careful while filling the questionnaire for this purpose.

Therefore, the census features as the backbone of the Book of India records. Every ten years, it enumerates the basic principles of the nation’s growth and development.

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