Census of India 2011 – Key Facts and Data

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India has been conducting a sincere statistical census since the year 1882. The ministerial workforce provides a quality census on population and house listing every ten years. The Information of National Population Register includes these census reports necessary for proper storage and analysis.

Since 1951, all censuses have been conducted under the Government of India Act 1948. The responsibility of drafting the census lies with the General Registrar and the Census Commissioner of India under the Ministry of Home Affairs.

The year 2011 witnessed the first biometric census in India. In fact, the 2011 census is the recent census of India (the next will be conducted in the year 2021). 2011 features the 15th census report of the country.

This article discusses the different parameters of the recent Indian census and furnishes an authentic tabulation of this data.

Census of India 2011

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Census Report

Population Total 1,210,854,977
Males 623,724,568
Females 586,469,294
Literacy Total 74%
Males 82.10%
Females 65.46%
Density of population per km2 382
Sex ratio per 1000 males 940 females
Child sex ratio (0–6 age group) per 1000 males 914 females

State/ Union Territories Wise Census Report

S.No. State/Union Territories Males Females Total
1 Andaman & Nicobar Islands 2,02,330 1,77,614 3,79,944
2 Andhra Pradesh 4,25,09,881 4,21,55,652 8,46,65,533
3 Arunachal Pradesh 7,20,232 6,62,379 13,82,611
4 Assam 1,59,54,927 1,52,14,345 3,11,69,272
5 Bihar 5,41,85,347 4,96,19,290 10,38,04,637
6 Chandigarh 5,80,282 4,74,404 10,54,686
7 Chhattisgarh 1,28,27,915 1,27,12,281 2,55,40,196
8 Dadra & Nagar Haveli 1,93,178 1,49,675 3,42,853
9 Daman & Diu 1,50,100 92,811 2,42,911
10 Goa 7,40,711 7,17,012 14,57,723
11 Gujarat 3,14,82,282 2,89,01,346 6,03,83,628
12 Haryana 1,35,05,130 1,18,47,951 2,53,53,081
13 Himachal Pradesh 34,73,892 33,82,617 68,56,509
14 Jammu & Kashmir 66,65,561 58,83,365 1,25,48,926
15 Jharkhand 1,69,31,688 1,60,34,550 3,29,66,238
16 Karnataka 3,10,57,742 3,00,72,962 6,11,30,704
17 Kerala 1,60,21,290 1,73,66,387 3,33,87,677
18 Lakshadweep 33,106 31,323 64,429
19 Madhya Pradesh 3,76,12,920 3,49,84,645 7,25,97,565
20 Maharashtra 5,83,61,397 5,40,11,575 11,23,72,972
21 Manipur 13,69,764 13,51,992 27,21,756
22 Meghalaya 14,92,668 14,71,339 29,64,007
23 Mizoram 5,52,339 5,38,675 10,91,014
24 Nagaland 10,25,707 9,54,895 19,80,602
25 NCT of Delhi 89,76,410 77,76,825 1,67,53,235
26 Orissa 2,12,01,678 2,07,45,680 4,19,47,358
27 Puducherry 6,10,485 6,33,979 12,44,464
28 Punjab 1,46,34,819 1,30,69,417 2,77,04,236
29 Rajasthan 3,56,20,086 3,30,00,926 6,86,21,012
30 Sikkim 3,21,661 2,86,027 6,07,688
31 Tamil Nadu 3,61,58,871 3,59,80,087 7,21,38,958
32 Tripura 18,71,867 17,99,165 36,71,032
33 Uttar Pradesh 10,45,96,415 9,49,85,062 19,95,81,477
34 Uttarakhand 51,54,178 49,62,574 1,01,16,752
35 West Bengal 4,69,27,389 4,44,20,347 9,13,47,736
  • Moreover, the Sex Ratio of India is 108.176, i.e., 108.176 males per 100 females in 2020.
  • In rural areas, there are 949 females to 1000 men, while in urban areas there are 929 females to 1000 males.
  • Rural India has 21,813,264 more males and urban India has 13,872,275 more males than females.
  • As of 2020, India has more males than females until the 64-69 age group and there are 10 more males per 100 females until the 34-69 age group.
  • Above 25-29 age, the female population keeps improving and there are almost double the number of women than men above 100 years.
  • Kerala has the highest sex ratio of 1084 females to 1000 males
  • Haryana has the lowest sex ratio of 879 females per 1000 males.
  • Among union territories, Puducherry has the highest sex ratio of 1037 and Daman & Diu has the lowest sex ratio of 618.

State/Union Territories Wise Population Density Census Report

STATES Population Density People per square km 
Andhra Pradesh  277 308
Arunachal Pradesh 13 17
Assam 340 397
Bihar 881 1,102
Chhattisgarh 154 189
Goa 364 394
Gujarat 258 308
Haryana 478 573
Himachal Pradesh 109 123
Jammu & Kashmir 100 124
Jharkhand 338 414
Karnataka 276 319
Kerala 819 859
Madhya Pradesh 196 236
Maharashtra 315 365
Manipur 97 122
Meghalaya 103 132
Mizoram 42 52
Nagaland 120 119
Odisha 236 269
Punjab 484 550
Rajasthan 165 201
Sikkim 76 86
Tamil Nadu 480 555
Tripura 305 350
Uttar Pradesh 690 828
Uttarakhand 159 189
West Bengal 903 1,029
UNION TERRITORIES    
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 43 46
Chandigarh 7,900 9,252
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 449 698
Daman & Diu 1,413 2,169
Delhi 9,340 11,297
Lakshadweep 1,895 2,013
Puducherry 2,034 2,598

Language Census Report

Language Percentage of Total Speakers 
Bengali 8.90
English 10.60
Gujarati 5.00
Hindi 57.10
Kannada 4.94
Malayalam 3.28
Marathi 8.20
Odia 3.56
Punjabi 3.56
Sanskrit 0.49
Tamil 6.30
Telugu 7.80
Urdu 5.20
  • Hindi is the most widely spoken language in northern and western parts of India. The Indian census takes the widest possible definition of “Hindi” as a broad variety of “Hindi languages”.
  • According to the 2011 Census, 57.1% of the Indian population knows Hindi, in which 43.63% of Indian people have declared Hindi as their native language or mother tongue.
  • The language data was released on 26 June 2018.
  • Bhili was the most spoken unscheduled language with 10.4 million speakers, followed by Gondi with 2.9 million speakers.
  • 96.71% of India’s population speaks one of the 22 scheduled languages as their mother tongue in the 2011 census.

Religions Census Report

Religious group Population % 2011
Adivasi 0.9%
Buddhism 0.70%
Christianity 2.30%
Hinduism 79.80%
Islam 14.23%
Jainism 0.37%
Sikhism 1.72%
Zoroastrianism n/a
  • Hindu Population Growth rate slowed down to 16.76 % from the previous decade figure of 19.92% while Muslims witness a sharp fall in growth rate to 24.60% (2001-2011) from the previous figure of 29.52 % (1991-2001).
  • Such a sharp fall in population growth rate for Muslims didn’t happen in the last 6 decades. Christian Population growth was at 15.5% while the Sikh population growth rate stood at 8.4%.
  • The most educated and wealthy community of Jains registered the least growth rate in 2001-2011 with a figure of just 5.4%.
  • The Growth rate of Hindus, Muslims, and Christian is expected to fall more in the upcoming 2021 census while other religions like Sikhism, Jainism, and Buddhism are expected to remain stable for the next 2 decades considering the already slowed down growth rate of these religions.

Literacy Census Report

Year Total Population (in %) Males (in %) Females (in %) Gap in Literacy (in %)
2011 74.0 82.1 65.5 16.6
  • Anyone above age 7 who can read and write in any language with an ability to understand was considered literate.
  • The literacy rate taking the entire population into account is termed as “the crude literacy rate”, and taking the population from age 7 and above into account is termed as “the effective literacy rate”.
  • Effective literacy rate increased to a total of 74.04% with 82.14% of the males and 65.46% of the females being literate

State/Union Territories Wise Literacy Census Report

S.N. State/ Union Territory Literacy Rate in % (Person) Male Literacy Rate in % Female Literacy Rate in %
1. Kerala 94.0 96.1 92.1
2. Lakshadweep 91.8 95.6 87.9
3. Mizoram 91.3 93.3 89.3
4. Goa 88.7 92.6 84.7
5. Tripura 87.2 91.5 82.7
6. Daman & Diu 87.1 91.5 79.5
7. Andaman & Nicobar Island 86.6 90.3 82.4
8. NCT of Delhi 86.2 90.9 80.8
9. Chandigarh 86.0 90.0 81.2
10. Puducherry 85.8 91.3 80.7
11. Himachal Pradesh 82.8 89.5 75.9
12. Maharashtra 82.3 88.4 75.9
13. Sikkim 81.4 86.6 75.6
14. Tamil Nadu 80.1 86.8 73.4
15. Nagaland 79.6 82.8 76.1
16. Manipur 79.2 86.1 72.4
17. Uttrakhand 78.8 87.4 70.0
18. Gujarat 78.0 85.8 69.7
19. West Bengal 76.3 81.7 70.5
20. Dadra & Nagar Haveli 76.2 85.2 64.3
21. Punjab 75.8 80.4 70.7
22. Haryana 75.6 84.1 65.9
23. Karnataka 75.4 82.5 68.1
24. Meghalaya 74.4 76.0 72.9
25. Odisha 72.9 81.6 64.0
26. Assam 72.2 77.8 66.3
27. Chhattisgarh 70.3 80.3 60.2
28. Madhya Pradesh 69.3 78.7 59.2
29. Uttar Pradesh 67.7 77.3 57.2
30. Jammu & Kashmir 67.2 76.8 56.4
31. Andhra Pradesh 67.0 74.9 59.1
32. Jharkhand 66.4 76.8 55.4
33. Rajasthan 66.1 79.2 52.1
34. Arunachal Pradesh 65.4 72.6 57.7
35. Bihar 61.8 71.2 51.6
  • India’s literacy rate is 74.04%. Kerala is the most literate state in India, with 93.91% literacy.
  • Bihar is the least literate state in India, with a literacy of 63.82%.

State Wise Child Sex-Ratio Census Report (From 2001-2011)

Rank India/State/ Union Territory CSR 2001 CSR 2011 Variation
  India 927 914 -13
Pop 10 M +
1. Haryana 819 830 +11
2. Punjab 798 846 +48
3. Jammu & Kashmir 941 859 -82
4. NCT of Delhi UT 868 866 -2
5. Maharashtra 913 883 -30
6. Rajasthan 909 883 -26
7. Gujarat 883 886 +3
8. Uttarakhand 908 886 -22
9. Uttar Pradesh 916 899 -17
10. Madhya Pradesh 932 912 -20
11. Bihar 942 933 -9
12. Odisha 953 934 -19
13. Andhra Pradesh 961 943 -18
14. Karnataka 946 943 -3
15. Jharkhand 965 943 -22
16. Tamil Nadu 942 946 +4
17. West Bengal 960 950 -10
18. Assam 965 957 -8
19. Kerala 960 959 -1
20. Chhattisgarh 975 964 -11

Conclusion

Altogether, the recent census (2011) provides a detailed and well elaborate analysis of different parameters. This article covers factors such as population, region, literacy, language, demography, etc. to enlighten on the fundamental concepts of the Indian census.

As a dutiful citizen of the country, one should maintain law and order by providing authentic details to their volunteers assigned for the deadly data collection. One must be careful while filling the questionnaire for this purpose.

Therefore, the census features as the backbone of the Book of India records. Every ten years, it enumerates the basic principles of the nation’s growth and development.

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